Extend your Windows/ Mac Desktop to an Android Tablet/Phone or to an iPhone/iPad

Extend or Duplicate your Windows / Mac desktop screen to an iDevice (iPhone,iPad or iPod), or an Android device ( Android Smart Phone, Tablet), Or a Windows Mobile Devices Free of Cost.

All contacts gone after Yosemite upgrade!

Learn How to restore original contacts from Time Machine Backup.

Getting started with new Mac OS X 10.11 El Capitan

OS X El Capitan—El Cap for short—is Apple's latest version of the modern Mac operating system with amazing new features.Learn new features in El-Capitan.

Reset Apple Mac OS X Root or admin password

Let’s say you totally forgot Root or an Admin account password to log on to your Mac. Or maybe you purchased a used Mac from someone else and they’ve got it locked down. There are numerous ways to reset a password with no OS X discs..

Transfer files between devices through most fastest way - SHAREiT

The fastest way to transfer data/ Files between devices like PC to PC, PC to Smartphone, Android to iPhone or iOS to Android, Android to Android Phones using the SHAREiT App..

How to start windows Installer,Print spooler, windows Audio or any other services in safe mode

Safe mode starts Windows with a limited set of basic files and drivers.Services Like sound,Print Spooler,Windows installer does not start in safe mode but there is a way you can instruct Windows how to start them.Learn How!!!!

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

How to turn Siri off on macOS Sierra?

Siri is an intelligent voice assistant program developed by Apple inc. that works with Apple's iOS, watchOS, macOS and tvOS. It was initially launched with iPhone 4S with iOS 5 on Oct 14th 2011. Siri was initially developed by Siri Inc., which was acquired by Apple on April 28, 2010 then later recently, it was added to the Macintosh with the release of macOS Sierra on September 20, 2016.
Siri stands for 'Speech Interpretation and Recognition Interface' which recognizes your voice command and give output accordingly. Siri can be accessed easily on macOS by just clicking on its icon on top menu bar or using Option+Space or by clicking the Siri button in the Dock.

How to turn Siri Off on macOS Sierra?
How to turn Siri Off on macOS Sierra?

What all Siri can do on Mac?

Siri can do a number of tasks and you can actually ask her about that. It can give you a list of commands that you can use for your convenient. Siri can read emails, private messages, Play songs from your playlist, open your documents, calculator, calendar, find a contact and open Facetime and many more whenever it is asked. It is most preferably used to find the weather, to know the sports scores, manage Brightness, find a location on Map. Siri is very simple to use on Mac, you can change the language Siri speaks anytime from its preferences.You can also change its voice, Input Mic types or its shortcut to activate it. Some Mac users may wish to turn Siri Off , perhaps because they aren’t using it or does not want it for some reason.

Why would you like to turn Siri Off on macOS?

Despite being convenient and helpful it can however become frustrating sometimes when it gets activated at unintended times after clicking on its icon or by pressing its activation command by mistake. As a result of which it can open facetime or make a call when you do not want. You may want to turn Siri off because you do not use Siri service on your computer or maybe you would rather just use Siri on your iPhone or iPad instead. But Unlike Cortana on Window 10, Siri services does not run constantly in the background doing random stuff, Siri only comes into action when you call it, so it does not utilize your Mac's resources like CPU and memory. Regardless of the reason, you can easily turn Siri off in Mac OS, which will turn off the voice assistant service as well as remove the Siri icon from the Mac menu bar, Dock and Touch Bar ( if your Mac has one).

It has been reported by many users that the Siri is extremely sensitive to changes related to audio devices and gets activated when you plug in or connect a headphone, mic, external speaker or a USB webcam with microphone or a bluetooth-connected audio device. An iPhone user may want to turn Siri off to preserve battery power or to prevent pocket dialing.

How would you turn Siri off on macOS Sierra?

Turning Siri off on macOS sierra as easy as closing any application. Here are the steps you need to follow to turn Siri off on macOS Sierra.

  • Go to the Apple menu and choose “System Preferences”.
  • Open “Siri” from the system preferences options.
    How to turn Siri Off on macOS Sierra? - Step-1
    How to turn Siri Off on macOS Sierra? - Step-1
  • Uncheck the box next to “Enable Siri”.
    How to turn Siri Off on macOS Sierra? Step-2
    How to turn Siri Off on macOS Sierra? - Step-2
  • Close System Preferences and you are done. The Siri and its services will be completely turned off until you enable it again.



Can you uninstall Siri from Mac?

No , because Siri is a part of macOS and it is a native OS application so you can not remove it. You can just turn Siri off and disable it completely.

Can you just hide its icon from desktop instead of turning Siri off?

Yes, you can. Open Siri from system preferences and uncheck the box next to " Show Siri in menu bar" leaving the "Enable Siri" option checked as is. It will remove the Siri icon from the menu bar but you can still access it using keyboard shortcut if enabled or from the Dock.
Hide Siri icon without Turning it off
Hide Siri icon without Turning it off
Similarly you can also disable Siri activation command without turning it off. Choose the "Keyboard Shortcut" option off on the right pane from Siri preferences window under system preferences.
Turn Siri keyboard shortcut command off on macOS Sierra?
Turn Siri keyboard shortcut command off on macOS Sierra?

******End of The Article******


Tags
turn siri off, disable siri, turn of f siri on macOS,disable siri keyboard command,turn siri icon off the menu bar,turn siri command off

Monday, January 16, 2017

UPI Payment Method and BHIM App- A better option than Mobile Wallet


What is UPI (Unified Payments Interface)?

UPI payments system was Introduced by Government of India, in August 2015,  as a digital payment initiatives which is interoperable between any Indian banks. UPI stands for unified payment interface (UPI). It is a mobile based application which allows users to send and receive money, pay bills or do any types of online transaction by just using a unique UPI ID also called Virtual Payment Address ( VPA) , and thus it is no longer required to remember the IFSC code, account details, MMID, Credit/Debit Card number, CVV code etcFor example, a VPA looks like "narendra@upi or Narendra@hdfc" or "9999900000@upi". A user an generate or change his VPA ( Virtual Payment Address) any time using any UPI based app or by just dialing " *99# " from his mobile phone linked to his bank account. If someone has to make payment using UPI, he just needs to type his VPA on the Payment Gateway page and authorize the same from his Phone linked to his Bank account by dialing " *99# " or by using the UPI app. Please note that accessing UPI payments System using USSD " *99# " doesn't require any Wi-Fi or internet connection as it works on all telephone service providers without any cost.

How to send money using UPI from a Basic Feature Phone- Dial *99#
How to send money using UPI from a Basic Feature Phone- Dial *99#
Unified Payments Interface(UPI) was developed by an RBI ( Reserve Bank of India ) regulated organisation named National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) which is an umbrella organization for all retail payments system in India.The central database of VPA for any bank users is regulated and maintained by NPCI. UPI is built over the same technology as IMPS ( Immediate Payment Systems) and thus, allows you to instantly transfer money between bank accounts. UPI is currently supported by all major Indian Bank, a total of 36 Indian Banks support UPI based payment as of writing and the number is increasing. Initially at the time, when UPI was launched several Banks had their own UPI based app for such transactions or their users could also dial " *99# " to access UPI from any telecom service provider. But recently in the first week of January, 2017, our Honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi also launched a new UPI based universal App called BHIM ( Bharat Interface for Money ) which works with all participating banks. BHIM is very Simple, easy and fast to use. BHIM will let you send and receive money to other UPI account or addresses instantly and all you need is a bank account number linked with a mobile no. It works will all Indian Banks supporting UPI based payment. You can also send money via IFSC (Indian Financial System Code) and MMID (Mobile Money Identifier) Code to users who don’t have a UPI-based bank account.

What is BHIM ( Bharat Interface for Money) ?

BHIM is the UPI App by NPCI, a RBI regulated entity and it works with any Indian Bank's account so users of any paticipating Bank can use this app for UPI based transaction. Since the launch of UPI app, there has been a good number of UPI based Apps from different financial institutions :- Axis Bank's Axis Pay, Broda MPay, United UPI, PNB UPI, Indian Bank UPI, OBC UPI PSP, ICICI Bank’s iMobile and yes banks Phonepe were the famous amongst those. Gradually, other banks also launched their UPI app. But, the BHIM has beaten all of them. It is the simplest, easiest and fastest UPI App. Currently, It is only available for Android devices but will be soon available or iOS and Windows Phone users too. iPhone and Windows phone users can still access the UPI payment system either by dialing USSD " *99# " or by installing any other Bank's UPI app for iOS like Pockets by ICICI BankHDFC Bank MobileBanking, South Indian Bank's SIB M-Pay. But the Pockets by ICICI bank is the best UPI based payment app on iOS devices because Pockets does not require you to have an ICICI account even non ICICI customers can use it freely.

How to get started with BHIM - UPI based Payment.

Access to UPI based payment is very Simple, If you have an Android smart Phone download the BHIM App from Play store and if you have an iOS or a basic feature phone just dial " *99# " from your phone to access the UPI application using USSD ( Unstructured Supplementary Service Data ). With the launch of UPI based payment, the time of Angutha Chhaap has changed and an Angutha ( Thumb) will operate a bank account, make payment online, send or request money.

To get started with UPI based Payment or BHIM App on an Android Smart Phone.

1. Download and install the BHIM app from Play Store.
2. Select your preferred language and allow app to manage Phone calls and SMS.
3. Verify the phone number linked with your Bank account.
4. Set a 4 -digit BHIM app login passcode.
5. Select your linked bank account from the list to make the default account to send or receive money.
Getting Started with BHIM - UPI Payment App
Getting Started with BHIM - UPI Payment App
6. Set your UPI pin which will ask for the last 6 digit of your debit card No. and Debit card expiry date.
Getting Started with BHIM - UPI Payment App
Getting Started with BHIM - UPI Payment App
7. Now get your Virtual Payment Address as mobilenumber@upi and QR code from profile tab.
8. Now Start transacting using UPI.
UPI Payment Method and BHIM App
UPI Payment Method and BHIM App

To get started with UPI based Payment on a Basic Feature Phone

1. Dial " *99# " from the phone number linked to your Bank account.
2. Select 1 for English and 2 for Hindi.
3. Select the option to add your Bank account using the Bank name or first 4 letters of IFSC code.For example type ICICI for ICICI bank, UTIB for Axis Bank, ORBC for Oriental Bank of Commerce.
UPI Payment Method and BHIM App using *99#
UPI Payment Method and BHIM App using *99#
4. Type the Last 6 digits of your Debit Card and Card expiry date.
5. Enter a new 6 digit UPI Pin and Re-enter to Confirm the UPI pin.The UPI Pin has been set.
6. Dial *99# again and Select Option 4 for Profile and Again option 4 to get your Virtual Payment Address (VPA) .
7. Now start transacting using UPI payment System.

Use or Benefits of BHIM- UPI based Payment

  1. "Unified Payment Interface" (UPI) enables any bank 's account holder to send and receive money from their smartphones or from basic feature phones without the need of entering bank account information, debit card details or net banking userid / password.
  2. Users are not required to register the beneficiary first and then wait for a confirmation before the money can be transferred. It is very simple just type the VPA and send the money.
  3. Users are not required to have the internet banking activated.
  4. The money is never loaded to any wallet or such form but debited and credited directly into the Bank account instantaneously.
  5. Users can also create his/her own QR (Quick Response) code for a fixed amount of money, which the merchant can scan to make the deduction.
  6. With the help of UPI a user can request the money from anyone who is also using UPI services.
  7. UPI system can be accessed anywhere anytime, there is no need to have the internet connectivity or a smart phone, just dial " *99# " and make the transaction happen.
  8. Complaints of failed transaction can be made directly from the UPI app.
  9. It works 24x7 and even on holidays and in the night.
  10. Users can check their account balance on the go anytime, anywhere free of cost.
  11. UPI based payment is secured with 2 factor authentication a UPI Pin and only the registered phone can do transaction.

Limitations of BHIM and UPI based payment 

  • BHIM App is currently only available for Android
  • It supports linking of only one bank account at a time though you could change the default bank account anytime using the UPI app or USSD code " *99# "
  • You can have a maximum of two Virtual payment address with one phone number. The first would be default containing your mobile number while the other can be set with your name.
  • You can transact a maximum amount of ₹10,000 in a single transaction and a maximum ₹25,000 in a day using BHIM app. While the USSD or other banks UPI apps can transact a maximum of ₹1 Lakh in a day. This may change from time to time and is subject to the UPI guidelines.

Which all merchants are accepting UPI based payment as of now?

As of writing, there are several merchants and their payment gateways which are accepting UPI based payments. Amongst those are Paytm for loading money to wallet, Yatra.com, Merchant using payment gateway of billdesk and Razorpay, Aircel.com for mobile recharge and many more.Soon you will see others also accepting payment using UPI.
Recharge Aircel mobile using UPI payment or BHIM APP
Recharge Aircel mobile using UPI payment or BHIM APP

Recharge Paytm Wallet using UPI payment or BHIM APP
Recharge Paytm Wallet using UPI payment or BHIM APP

Pay Yatra.com using UPI payment or BHIM APP
Pay Yatra.com using UPI payment or BHIM APP




How will you make payments online using UPI based app or USSD code?

1. Go to the merchant's Payment page and select the UPI option along the other Payment method.
2. Type your VPA (Virtual Payment Address), For example, yourname@bankname or mobilenumber@upi and click continue.
3. Go to your UPI app / BHIM app or dial the USSD " *99# " and authorize the payment.
4. In BHIM app you get a notification select Pay and type your UPI pin and the payment is completed.
Authorize UPI based Payment using BHIM app
Authorize UPI based Payment using BHIM app

5. If you are using a basic feature phone, dial USSD " *99# " and type the UPI pin to authorize the payment.
Authorize UPI based Payment using basic Phone
Authorize UPI based Payment using basic Phone

How would you send or request money from someone using BHIM or UPI payment method?

Using BHIM App

  1. Open the BHIM app, enter the 4-digit passcode and select the option Send or Request money.
  2. Type the VPA ( Virtual Private Address) or mobile phone number and tap on Verify.
  3. The phone number or the VPA is automatically verified by NPCI database.
  4. Type the amount and hit " Pay "or " Request ".
  5. Enter the 6-digit UPI to confirm and the money is instantly transferred or requested if you request from someone.
  6. You can also send money to someone who is not a UPI user and does not have a VPA. Select the option Account+IFSC from top right corner from the VPA verification screen in step 2 above.
    Send Money Using UPI App BHIM with IFSC code and Account No.
    Send Money Using UPI App BHIM with IFSC code and Account No.
  7. Type the beneficiary's name, account number and IFSC code and hit send.
  8. Enter the amount and confirm to send by providing the 6 digit UPI Pin.
Using USSD " *99# "


1. Dial " *99# " from your registered phone.
2. Select option "1 " to send money and option "2 " to request money.
3. Select 1 to send money and then choose option 2 for sending through Payment Address.

How to send money using UPI from a Basic Feature Phone- Dial *99#
How to send money using UPI from a Basic Feature Phone- Dial *99#
4. Type the amount you want to send and then confirm by entering your 4-digit or 6 digit UPI Pin.
5. Here is video for your quick reference on how to make payment using UPI based app and USSD code.

How would you change your default bank account using BHIM or UPI payment method?

You can always change your default bank account for debit or credit transaction. Remember changing the bank account will not change your VPA ( Virtual Payment Address ) but the UPI pin will be changed. You can only have one bank account linked to your mobile number  / VPA at a time.
To change the Default Bank account Using BHIM App

  1. Open the BHIM app and enter the 4 - digit passcode.
  2. Select the Bank Account option from home screen.
  3. Tap on the top right corner and select Change account option.
    change your default bank account using BHIM or UPI payment method
    How to change your default bank account using BHIM or UPI payment method
  4. Hit proceed to select your Bank from the list.
  5. You Bank name and account will be automatically verified and appeared.
  6. Hit the bank account and select Set UPI Pin.
  7. You will be asked for the Last 6-digit of your debit card no. and Debit card expiry month and year.
  8. You will receive an OTP to set MPIN automatically and it be verified by BHIM app type your new UPI PIN and Confirm.
  9. Hit check mark button and you are all set to use the new Bank Account with new UPI Pin.
How to change the Default Bank Account Using USSD " *99# "
  1. Dial *99# from your basic feature phone
  2. Select Option 4 for "My Profile".
  3. Select Option "1" for "Change Bank Account".
  4. Enter your Bank Name or first 4 letters of IFSC Code. For example, type ICICI for ICICI bank, UTIB for Axis Bank, ORBC for Oriental Bank of Commerce, etc.
  5. If your account is linked with the same mobile number it will automatically be verified. Select he account number from the list.
  6. Enter the Last 6 digits of debit card number and expiry date on the next screen.
  7. Set a new UPI pin for the selected account.
  8. Confirm the same UPI pin and you are all set to use the new account.

How secure this BHIM app or UPI based payment is ?

BHIM app or UPI based payment is secured with two factor authentication. The first security is device hardbinding where device ID and SIM(mobile number) combination is stored. User can use UPI app installed only from his device which has his registered mobile number with bank. Second factor authentication is a user selected 4- or 6-digit M-PIN.All the transactions are carried out with UPI Pin.

Which Banks are supporting UPI based payment?

Currently following 36 Banks are supporting UPI based payments.

Sr. No Bank Name
1 Allahabad Bank
2 Andhra Bank
3 Axis Bank
4 Bank of Baroda
5 Bank of Maharashtra
6 Canara Bank
7 Catholic Syrian Bank
8 Central Bank of India
9 DCB Bank
10 Dena Bank
11 Federal Bank
12 HDFC Bank
13 ICICI Bank
14 IDFC Bank
15 IndusInd Bank
16 Karnataka Bank
17 Kotak Mahindra Bank
18 Oriental Bank of Commerce
19 Punjab National Bank
20 RBL Bank
21 South Indian Bank
22 State Bank of India
23 TJSB Bank
24 UCO Bank
25 Union Bank of India
26 United Bank of India
27 Vijaya Bank
28 Yes Bank
29 Bank of India
30 HSBC
31 IDBI Bank
32 Indian Bank
33 Indian Overseas Bankr
34 Karur Vysya Bank
35 Standard Chartered Bank
36 Syndicate Bank

Can I transfer money abroad using UPI?

No.

Are there any charges for transactions done using UPI?

Currently there are no charges for transactions done through UPI. There may be revisions on charges from time to time.

For a detailed manual on how to use UPI Payment and BHIM app you can download the BHIM app manual by NPCI.


***** End of Article******

Tags
UPI payment, digital banking,BHIM App, change default account in bhim app, change UPIN from bhim app, UPI on iPhone,VPA, virtual payment address

Friday, January 13, 2017

How to Format an External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac

Everyone these days has an external media like a flash drive or an external hard drive which they use to expand their storage space, or transfer files and folder between two computers or to keep some personal or confidential documents separate from the computer. A new external hard drive or a USB flash drive that you just bought can be used with both Mac and PC, but not always straight out of the box because most of them (external hard drives or USB flash drive) are sold in NTFS format, which is fully compatible only with Windows. A Mac can only read the NTFS formatted hard drive but can not write any data on to it until you install a third party apps like NTFS for Mac or NTFS-3G to enable write access to NTFS partition under Mac OS X. So, If you wish to use the hard drive for Mac, you need to format the external media in Mac OS X native file system called "Mac OS Extended (Journaled)" filesystem. This will ensure full Mac compatibility of a new external hard drive or flash drive.

Why would you format an External Disk or a Flash Drive in Mac OS Extended (Journaled)?

There are a good number of reasons why you might want to format an external disk or a flash drive for full Mac compatibility. Here are the following most common reasons why would you like to format an external disk or a flash drive for Mac under Mac OS Extended ( Journaled).
  1. Mac OS X can only be installed on a hard drive formatted in Mac OS Extended ( Journaled), filesystem. So if you wish to clean a hard drive for a fresh install of OS X you will need to format it under Mac OS Extended ( Journaled).
  2. If you want to create an encrypted drive for Mac, it should be formatted in Mac OS Extended (Journaled). 
  3. If you want to use the drive for Time Machine backup, it must be formatted in Mac OS Extended ( journaled).
  4. You must format the external disk or flash drive in Mac OS Extended ( Journaled) with GUID partition table, If you want to make it a bootable USB installer disk for OS X.

How to Format an External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac?

Please be aware that formatting a drive will erase it completely, so make sure you have backed up any important data you want to keep in case you are not using a brand new external hard drive.There are two ways to format an external disk or a flash drive for Mac. You could either use Disk Utility or Terminal command to format it for Mac.

Format an External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac using Disk Utility in OS X El Capitan and macOS Siera.

Formatting an external disk or flash drive in macOS Sierra is little different that formatting it in Mavericks and lower versions of OS X. Disk Utility was changed with the release of OS X El Capitan.
To reformat the drive in Mac OS X El Capitan or macOS Sierra :  
  • Connect the External disk drive or Flash Drive and open Disk Utility.app from /Applications/Utilities/ folder.
  • Select the External drive or Flash Drive on the left that shows the capacity and not the Volume which appears indented below the drive. Even if you select the Volume, it will also format the Disk, because there is no other Volume on this disk as shown in the picture. You must select the drive name as a correct way to format the disk.
  • Click on the Erase option across the top in the main window.
    How to Format an External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac
    How to Format an External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac
  • You will be presented with a dropped down panel where you need to type a name for the Volume and select the format type as Mac OS Extended ( Journaled) and partition map scheme as GUID. OS X Extended (Journaled) is the default Mac file system with GUID partition scheme. Though, you can choose between different partition scheme: GUID Partition Map, Master Boot Record, or Apple Partition Map. GUID is the most recent one, while Master Boot Record (MBR) is older. Both also work with Windows PCs while Apple Partition Map works only with Mac.
    How to Format an External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac
    How to Format an External Disk or a Flash Drive for macOS Sierra
  • Select the GUID Partition Map if you are creating a bootable install Disk or going to use with Time Machine backup. And then click on "Erase" to erase and format the external disk or Flash drive. 
    Formatting an External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac
    Formatting an External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac
  • Please note that, when you select the indented Volume name below the drive name on the left, then you also get the security option during erase/Format. But the partition scheme option will be unavailable, because you are formatting a volume not the disk. 
    Format a volume for Mac in macOS Sierra using Disk Utility
    Format a volume for Mac in macOS Sierra using Disk Utility
  • Security Options will allow you to erase the Volume securely by overwriting the contents of the drive upto seven times before removing the header information from files and folder. When you click on security option, you get a new pop up window with a slider to adjust the level of security ( in terms of data overwrite) while erasing the disk. This secure erase will make it almost impossible to recover the contents or data of the hard drive using any data-recovery software. But secure erase will take ages to complete, depending upon the size of the volume. Use it only when you really need to erase content securely and if  you had highly confidential information in the drive otherwise leave the slider to fastest to erase it quickly.
    Adjust the security level while formatting an external disk or Flash drive for Mac
    Adjust the security level while formatting an external disk or Flash drive for Mac
  • Once the erase is completed, click on the done and now you can use the external drive or the formatted Flash drive for Mac as you want.


Format an External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac using Disk Utility in OS X Mavericks and below versions.

To format / reformat the drive in Mac OS X Mavericks and below : 
  • Connect the External disk drive or Flash Drive and open Disk Utility.app from /Applications/Utilities/ folder.
  • Select the External drive or Flash Drive on the left that shows the capacity.
  • Click on the Erase option across the top in the main window.
    Format an External Disk or Flash Drive for Mac in Maverics
    Format an External Disk or Flash Drive for Mac in Maverics
  • Now type a new name for the Volume and select the format type as Mac OS Extended ( Journaled).
  • Now click the “Erase” button and confirm again on the next pop-up window to format the External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac

Format an External Disk or a Flash Drive for Mac using Terminal Command

To format / reformat the External disk or Flash drive using Disk Utility.
1. Type the following command to see the list of all the drives and volumes. 
>diskutil list
Format an External Media for Mac using Terminal Command
Format an External Media for Mac using Terminal Command

2. Note down the disk identifier of the disk you want to format. In our case here the disk identifier is disk2.
3. Now type the following command to erase and format the external disk or the flash drive for Mac.

diskutil eraseDisk JHFS+ MyBackup disk2

The above command will erase and format the external disk or flash drive (disk2 in my case) in Mac OS Extended ( Journaled) filesystem. All the contents of the disk will be erased and Volume will be renamed to MyBackup as mentioned in the command and the newly formatted drive will appear on your desktop.

Note :- If you want to use this External disk or a flash drive formatted for Mac on windows you will need to use HFS Explorer or HFS for windows by Paragon Software, or you can format this external drive or flash drive in exFat, which will be compatible for both Mac and PC.

*******End of the Article*******

Tags,
format external disk or flash drive for mac, format a drive in mac, erase disk on mac,format in hfs+ , format disk with terminal command in mac

Wednesday, January 11, 2017

How to create a Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion


Mountain Lion is the only most recent OS X that can still be purchased and downloaded from App store. Mountain Lion (OS X 10.8) is only available as a digital download in the Mac App Store and doesn’t ship on a disc. The installer comes with a file size of 4.05GB. You can easily create a bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion and  install it on as many number of Macs as you want at no extra cost.

As of writing Apple has a trend of completely removing the links of all the prior version of OS X from its website or App Store, leaving just the most recent one available to download, but if necessary you could request one from Apple by contacting them. If your Mac ran the previous version at any point in the past, you can re-download it from the Mac App Store's Purchased tab. But if you have never upgraded your Mac or never downloaded any older version of OS X or Mountain Lion ( OS X 10.8), you can not get it anywhere. Don't worry, as you still have an option to buy the license for Mountain Lion as Apple still lets you buy license codes for Mountain Lion(OS X 10.8) , Lion ( OS X 10.7) and Snow Leopard ( OS X 10.6).

Once you buy the license you will receive a redemption code from Apple within 24 hours by email.Go to featured tab in App store on your Mac and select the link redeem on the right hand side under the Quick Links > enter the redemption code and then Apple ID and password, and it will allow you to download the Mountain Lion.

Redeem the License code for mountain lion from App Store
Redeem the License code for mountain Lion to download it from App Store
Mountain Lion OS X 10.8 is a great operating system from Apple. It's the last version of OS X that supports some video conversion applications and it runs very fast.

Why would you make a Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion (OS X 10.8) ?

You can run the installer directly from within your previous version of OS X to install Mountain Lion or upgrade to it. But there are a good number of reasons you might want to create a bootable USB(thumb drive) installer for Mountain Lion. Here are the list, why you might want to create a bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion.
  • Your copy of Mountain Lion can be installed on as many number of Macs as you want at no extra cost. So if you need to install it on multiple Macs, a bootable USB installer drive can be more convenient than copying or downloading the entire file to each computer.
  • The Mountain Lion installer is set to self-destruct the necessary file needed to install once it runs and you will need to redownload it if you want to install it again. Therefore, you are required to either make a copy of the installer outside of the default Applications folder or make your own bootable USB installer disk before upgrading.
  • If your Mac has a corrupt or damaged operating System that does not boot and you do not have a faster and reliable internet connection, you can perform clean OS X 10.8 installation from the bootable USB installer.
  • If you want to install OS X on a Hackintosh you need an external media to boot and install from so a bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion will be handy here as well.
  • If your want to make a handy emergency recovery disk, create a Mountain Lion USB installer disk.

How to create a Mountain Lion Bootable USB installer drive?

In order to make a bootable Mountain Lios USB intaller disk the first thing you need to do is to get a copy of the installation file of Mountain Lion. If your Mac ran OS X Mountain Lion at any point in the past or if you have previously purchased it, you can download it again from the Mac App Store and create a bootable USB flash drive with it.
Here’s how you can download and obtain a soft copy of Mountain Lion.
  • Launch App Store, and go to the Purchases tab.
  • Look for OS X Mountain Lion, hold down the Option key and click Download.
    Download Mountain Lion to create bootable USB Install Media
    Download Mountain Lion to create bootable USB Install Media
  • Enter your Apple ID and password if asked.This may take up between 10 and 60 minutes, depending on your Internet connection speed.
    Download Mountain Lion to create bootable USB Install Media
    Download Mountain Lion to create bootable USB Install Media
If you have never downloaded Mountain Lion from App Store or never ran it on your Mac then you will need to purchase the license code for Mountain Lion and then redeem it as mentioned above in this article. The alternate option to purchase the Mountain Lion is to borrow the installation file of Mountain Lion from any of your friends who have it and then create the install media with the same file.

Steps to create bootable USB installer

Once you have got the Installation file of Mountain Lion then you can use any blank USB flash drive or other removable media to make it a bootable USB installer for Mountain Lion (OS X 10.8). Make sure the Flash drive or removable media has minimum 8 GB of available free space and formatted in Mac OS Extended (Journaled), with GUID Partition Table scheme.

1. Create bootable OS X Mountain Lion manually

  1. Once your download is done, go to Finder > Applications. Look for the file called "Install OS X Mountain Lion", right-click and select Show Package Contents.
    Create a Bootable USB drive for Mountain Lion
    Create a Bootable USB drive for Mountain Lion manually
  2. Navigate to Contents > SharedSupport, then look for the filename "InstallESD.dmg"
    Create a Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion
    Create a Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion
  3. Double-click InstallESD.dmg to open/mount it on your Desktop. This may take a minute or two.
    Create a Bootable USB drive for Mountain Lion
    Create a Bootable USB drive for Mountain Lion
  4. Now make invisible file visible to see the BaseSystem.dmg inside the InstallESD.dmg. Run the following command " defaults write com.apple.Finder AppleShowAllFiles TRUE" and "killall Finder" to show all files.
    Show All hidden Files and Folders
    Show All hidden Files and Folders
  5. Now open mounted InstallESD folder from Desktop and mount BaseSystem.dmg file under it.
    Create a Bootable USB drive for Mountain Lion
    Create a Bootable USB drive for Mountain Lion
  6. Attach a USB/external drive and open disk utility to format the USB/external drive to Mac OS Extended (Journaled).
  7. Now click on the newly formatted USB/external drive and go to the edit menu on top menu bar and select Restore if you are doing it on OS X El Capitan or macOS Sierra.
    Restore Image from Disk Utility in El Capitan
    Restore Image from Disk Utility in El Capitan to make bootable USB
  8. In the new window select the image BaseSystem.dmg under Restore from and click "Restore".This will make USB/external drive bootable installer. 
    Restore Image from Disk Utility in El Capitan to make bootable USB
    Restore Image from Disk Utility in El Capitan to make bootable USB
  9. But if you are creating this bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion on OS X Maverics (Ver. 10.9) or below then you need to go to the restore tab on the right pane and just drag and drop the BaseSystem.dmg in source field and USB drive icon to the destination field as shown in the picture below. Click on the restore to complete the copying process.
    Restore BaseSystem to create bootable USB installer for Mountain Lion
    Restore BaseSystem to create bootable USB installer for Mountain Lion
  10. Just one last change to fix the bootable installer - open the newly created bootable disk and go to the System/Installation/ folder and delete the alias named Package. And now from the previously mounted InstallESD.dmg copy over the Packages folder to System/Installation/ folder in newly created USB/external drive.
    Fix the Bootable USB / External Disk Installer for Mountain Lion
    Fix the Bootable USB / External Disk Installer for Mountain Lion
  11. Now while the USB/external bootable drive is connected shutdown the computer and turn it back on and immediately press and hold Option/Alt key and choose OS X Base System to start the installation process of Mountain Lion.
    Boot to Mountain Lion using bootable USB installer
    Boot to Mountain Lion using bootable USB installer
  12. Erase the existing OS X if required and then install the OS X from utilities menu.


2. Create bootable OS X Mountain Lion USB installer disk with DiskMaker X

DiskMaker X (formerly Lion DiskMaker) is an application built with AppleScript that you can use with many versions of OS X to build a bootable USB thumb drive, an external Firewire or Thunderbolt drive from OS X installer program (the one you download from the App Store). As soon as you launch the application, it tries to find the OS X Install program with Spotlight.Then, it proposes to build a bootable install disk and make it look as nice as possible. It’s the easiest way to build an OS X Installer in a few clicks! Then you can use the Install drive to fully re-install the OS on a freshly formatted drive, or install it on your many Macs without re-downloading the full installer.

Create a Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion
Create a Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion


3. Create Bootable USB Installer for Mountain Lion From Recovery partition

Recovery Partition is a small (650MB) hidden partition on your Mac’s internal hard drive which contains several useful utilities such as Time Machine,OS X Installer, Terminal, Disk Utility,  and other built in set of utilities as part of the System Recovery. It even has Safari that you can use to extract or reinstall Safari from this partition. Just check if your Mac has a recovery partition that you can make visible and restore to a blank USB drive using disk utility. There are following two ways to create a Bootable USB installer drive from recovery partition.

1. Using Disk Utility.
  • Enable the hidden Debug Menu in disk utility to mount the hidden recovery partition.
    Create Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion from Recovery Partition
    Create Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion from Recovery Partition
  • Once the recovery partition is mounted. Open it in finder and and go to the folder com.apple.recovery.boot and then open BaseSystem.dmg under it. BaseSystem.dmg will be mounted and appear on the left in finder.
    Create Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion from Recovery Partition
    Create Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion from Recovery Partition
  • Now open disk utility and connect a blank USB drive and format it in Mac OS X Extended (Journaled) with GUID partition. Now go to the restore tab on the right pane and just drag and drop the BaseSystem.dmg in source field and USB drive icon to the destination field as shown in the picture below. Click on the restore to complete the copying process. This will make the USB drive a bootable Mountain Lion installer disk.
    Create Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion from Recovery Partition
    Create Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion from Recovery Partition

2.  Create bootable Recovery Disk using Recovery Disk assistant

The OS X Recovery Disk Assistant is a tool from Apple that lets you create OS X Recovery on an external drive that has all of the same capabilities as the built-in OS X Recovery: reinstall Lion or Mountain Lion, repair the disk using Disk Utility, restore from a Time Machine backup, or browse the web with Safari.
To create the recovery disk download the OS X Recovery Disk Assistant from Apple and Insert an external drive, launch the OS X  Recovery Disk Assistant,  select the drive where you would like to install, and follow the on screen instructions.

After completing the process you will have a Bootable USB installer drive for Mountain Lion that you can use to install the OS in future for any purpose. This bootable USB installer would also be a handy emergency recovery disk that you can use on any of the Macs.


********End Of Article *******

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Monday, January 9, 2017

Unable to delete managed user account from Mac


Unable to delete one of the user accounts from system preferences?? Strange 😲!!! isn't it?

Users are like different accounts with their own settings and privileges in OS X system. If you have multiple users for your Mac, you should set up an account for each person so that each can personalize their settings and options without affecting the others. If you are the primary user who manages the computer then you should be an administrator on your Mac.Users are further divided into multiple categories ( Standard, Admin, Managed and Sharing only ) depending upon the rights and privileges assigned to them which are managed from Users and Groups option under System Preferences. You can add or remove a user from Users and Groups under system preferences. However, sometimes if you try to delete an account, the system may become so stubborn and refuses to allow this action, so the account reappears when you next launch the system preferences or it does not allow you to delete one of the accounts at all because the delete button ( a minus sign ) at the bottom of the list of Users stays grayed out even after opening the security lock.One of the such incidents happened to me when I tried to delete one of the managed accounts (Account with parental controls) on my Mac. I was not able to delete the managed user account from my Mac until I did some research and found a solution. Initially I tried to delete it in safe mode and also from terminal but that did not help and the managed user account could not be deleted.
Unable to delete managed user account from Mac
Unable to delete managed user account from Mac
There could be multiple reasons of user account not being deleted. Read through the steps mentioned in this post to learn all possible reasons but the major reason why I was unable to delete managed user account was related to directory Utility. This type of problem generally occurs when the system preferences cannot properly access the system directory or the directory utility, which stores the information used during the authorization phase of Mac OS X login like the user's user identification number (UID), the user's group identification number (GID), the user's home directory and a user's group membership information.

Directory Utility is a local or network database that Apple uses to store configuration information of Users and Policies. It works on LDAP ( Lightweight Directory Access Protocol ) and is very similar to Windows Active Directory. It is found in /System/Library/CoreServices/Directory Utility.app on OS X Maverics ( OS X 10.9 ) or below, while, the Yosemite ( OS X 10.10 ) and above has it in /System/Library/CoreServices/Applications folder. You can also access it from Users and Group under system preferences. Select Login Options down at the bottom and click Join button under Network Account Server then click on "Open Directory Utility".
Open Directory utility if Unable to delete a user account from Mac
Open Directory utility if Unable to delete a user account from Mac

Or you can click on Go at the top menu bar in finder and select Go to Folder... and type the below address:
/System/Library/CoreServices/Applications/Directory Utility.app
Restriction in user deletion may also happen due to file corruption or permissions faults resulting from system software update, restoring the system from Time Machine backup or other major changes in system settings.

If you are experiencing the same problem when trying to remove user accounts on your system or unable to delete one of the user accounts / managed user account, try the following steps. Please follow the steps in the same order as it is written.

Before we start, remember this is an issue where you do not get the option to delete an account due to restriction in terms of permissions so do not confuse this issue with " unable to delete a user account due to home folder not being deleted".

Issue :
(1). When you try to delete a user account through the Users & Group panel in System Preferences the delete button "-" associated with the particular user is grayed out. 

(2). When you delete the user account from system preferences the account is deleted and disappeared from system preferences but comes back as soon as system preferences is re-opened or system is restarted.


Solution :

How to fix restriction in user deletion or if you are unable to delete a managed user account on your Mac?

1). Make sure that you are not trying to delete the same user account, you are logged into.You can't force delete a currently logged in user. Logoff the account if it is logged in and login with other admin account then try to delete the Managed user account and see if it works.If you are still unable to delete, move to the next step.

2). Make sure the user account you want to delete is not the only administrator account. If only one administrator account exists on the computer, you can not delete it, you can either change one of the other accounts to an administrator account or create a new administrator account then delete the old one.

3). Check if you have Fast User Switching enabled, turn it off from Login Options in Users & Groups, also disable auto login. Now try to select the managed user account or the one you wanted to delete. If you are still unable to delete managed or any other user account, move to the next step.
Troubleshoot restriction in a user account deletion from Mac
Troubleshoot restriction in a user account deletion from Mac

4). It might be caused by permission faults. Repair disk permissions using Disk Utility, select the boot volume, and click repair permissions, quit Disk Utility, log out and log back into the admin account, and try again. If you are still unable to delete the user accounts move to the next step.

5).  Enable Root user account: You might want to logon as root and delete the affected user account or managed account as root account has a special privilege that it can delete any user or its associated files. In order to logon as root, you must first enable the root account. Select the Login Option in Users & Groups applet in system preferences > Click on Join button > Click Open Directory Utility > Click on the Edit menu and select " Enable Root User" > Enter a new password for the Root User and confirm it.
Enable root if unable to delete managed user account from Mac
Enable root if unable to delete a user account from Mac
Now logout from the current user and select Others at login screen to logon with root user by entering the username as root and the new password that you just reset.
Enable root if unable to delete a user account from Mac
Enable root if unable to delete a user account from Mac
Once you are logged in as root, go to the Users & Groups under system preferences and try to delete the affected user account or the managed user account and see if it works. It you are still unable to delete the account move to the next step.

6). Create a third user account with admin privilege. Login with the new administrator and try to delete the affected user account. Many users have reported to fix this restriction in user account deletion by using new administrator account.Creating a new user account on the affected system may fix problems with the directory, as this will write a new node to the directory and perhaps enforce the default permissions and policies for the system to access it properly. Move to the next steps it you still have restriction in user account deletion.




7). Delete the user account from Directory Utility : For decades,Apple has been using Directory Utility to store Users database. It used to be known as Netinfo Manager ( Located under /Application/Utilities/) until Mac OS X Tiger (Ver. 10.4) and with the release of  Mac OS X Leopard (version 10.5), Apple replaced it with Directory Utility and moved it to /System/Library/CoreServices/Directory Utility.app up until OS X Maverics ( OS X 10.9 ) and with the release of  Yosemite ( OS X 10.10 ), Apple moved it again to /System/Library/CoreServices/Applications folder. Also along with the elimination of Netinfo Manager app, the command line "ni" to manage directory services was replaced with "dscl". Directory Utility can directly edit any user's database, remove any user account or change its properties. You can also use dscl ( Directory Services Command Line) to access the database and change or delete any user account properties. So alternatively, bypass the system preferences when you are unable to delete a managed user or any other user account, and instead use the Directory Utility tool.

Open Directory Utility from Users & Groups in System Preferences as mentioned in step 5. Or you can click on Go at the top menu bar in finder and select Go to Folder... and type the below address:
/System/Library/CoreServices/Applications/Directory Utility.app
Use directory Utility to delete a user account from Mac
Use directory Utility to delete a user account from Mac
Once the Directory Utility app is opened, click on the Directory Editor on the top. Open the security lock by providing the administrator password, select Users under Viewing option and /Local/Defaults under "in node" option, now select the user account you want to delete, and Click on the Edit menu and select>Delete. Be very careful and don't delete any other user account or you could really screw things up. Hawdive.com will not be responsible for any screw-ups.
Use directory Utility if Unable to delete a user account from Mac
Use directory Utility if Unable to delete a user account from Mac

Alternatively, You can use Terminal command for Directory Services to Delete a User Account
Type the following command to list all users.

$ sudo dscl . list /Users

A dot in the above command refer to the local Directory Services. This command will list all the users including hidden system accounts for running various services. Note down the short name of the account you are unable to delete.

Delete the account
With the account name confirmed, type the following command in the Terminal to delete the account directory entry from your system:

sudo dscl . -delete /Users/Account_name

In this command, replace the word "Account_name" with the account name you found and confirmed in above step.After the account is deleted, the user's home folder will still be on the disk in the /Macintosh HD/Users directory. At this point you can simply delete the directory to fully remove all items that were associated with the removed account.

8). You may not be able to delete a manged or other user account also because your account does not have permissions or rights on other account's files or folder. if that is the case you will need to take the ownership of their files and folder. you can use BatChmod ( a utility for manipulating file and folder privileges in Mac OS X) or manual command lines to take the ownership.

Type the following command to take the ownership of all the files and folder of the affected user. Just replace Your_Account_Name to your own short user account name and Affected_UserName to the short name of affected user account or managed account.
> Sudo chown Your_Account_Name:Staff /Users/Affected_UserName/*

Now reboot your Mac and try to delete the user account using any of the above methods and do let me know whether you are able to delete the user account or not.

9. You may not be able to delete a user account if it was used to turn the filevault on for encrypting the hard drive. So every time you restart the computer you will have to first decrypt the hard drive using the same account before you can login to any other user account. Turn the filevault Off first before you can delete the affected account.

*******End of the Article********

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