March 2016 - Hawkdive

Tuesday, March 29, 2016

How to Reinstall Safari on my Mac - A definitive Guide

Tuesday, March 29, 2016 2
Safari: Safari is the default web browser that comes with your Mac OS X designed by Apple based on the WebKit engine.It was first released in 2003 with Mac OS X 10.3- Panther, later on a mobile version was included in iOS devices since the introduction of the iPhone in 2007.A Windows version of Safari was also released in the year 2007, which Apple discontinued in 2012.The first version of Safari for Mac was named Safari 1 and now the current version as of writing is Safari 9.1, released for El Capitan. Apple claims that the new version of Safari is more secure and reliable but nothing is perfect in this world except,perhaps a circle.Just like other browsers, Safari also gets infected with Malware,Spyware or Adware.Sometimes new updates from Apple are rolled out which makes Safari unstable or even remove it from the system.In order to deal with such situations you should know how to reinstall safari.

Here in this article I would be explaining to you about some major issues with Safari along with their solutions and if none of the solutions works, the last resort to you is reinstall Safari which I have covered in the end.
How to Reinstall Safari on my Mac
How to Reinstall Safari on my Mac
Issue / Error: Safari was recently in hot search trends due to Apple's latest software updates to the Safari web browser issued on 3rd December,2015 which reportedly failed and removed Safari from users' systems.There was another update to Safari which made it incompatible with the OS and changed the safari logo to a crossed out circle.If you would try to open Safari it would show an error message that reads "The version of safari installed on this Mac is not compatible with the current version of OS".You may also get one of the following error messages.
Safari quits unexpectedly error
Safari quits unexpectedly error
"This version of Safari is no longer supported. Please upgrade to a supported browser."

"Safari crashes as soon as you open it and shows error message Safari quits unexpectedly."
"Can't connect to the server"
"Safari loads partial webpage"

Safari may become corrupt and may not run at all or runs very slow like a snail, it takes ages to open a webpage, while other browsers run snappy.So if it is not working or having problems to browse websites, you may need to reinstall it.

As per the Apple there is no way to reinstall Safari except reinstalling OS X.Reinstalling OS X does not delete any user's files.But before we reinstall the OS X, I would suggest you to try the following troubleshooting which may fix the issue with Safari.We could also install Safari as a standalone app using a third party software called Pacifist, which is explained in the end.
Safari Troubleshooting the issues with Safari

1. Check to see if Safari is running in 32 bit mode.

Apple introduced 64-bit version of Safari with the release of Snow Leopard (OS X 10.6),but it was still possible to run Safari in 32-bit mode for backward compatibility.At the time of release so many JavaScript application and Safari extensions were not designed for 64 bit version of Safari so users' had to run Safari in 32-bit mode.After Mountain Lion( OS X 10.8), Apple removed option to change the bit mode of Safari as all of the extensions and JavaScript Applications were already upgraded to run in 64 bit mode.
Check if Safari is running in 32 bit mode. Right or control click the Safari icon in your Applications folder then click Get Info. If the box next to:  Open in 32 bit mode  is Checked, Uncheck it, quit then relaunch Safari.
Disable Safari in 32-bit mode-Reinstall Safari
Disable Safari in 32-bit mode-Reinstall Safari
2. Reinstall Flash Player Plug-ins.
Safari has a long term issue with Flash Player which was also published in an article written by Steve Jobs- Thoughts on Flash.Check safari by Uninstalling flash Player. After the safari is uninstalled delete its left over files from the following locations if available.

/Library/Internet Plugins
/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Flash Player
/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Flash Player Install Manager
/Library/Caches/Adobe/Flash Player
/Library/Preferences/Macromedia/Flash Player
~/Library/Preferences/Flash 11.5 MRU
~/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Flash CS5.5/
~/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Flash

3. Restart your computer.

4. Reinstall and enable Flash player for Safari.

Install Flash Player directly from Adobe.If you are having trouble with web installer, download the standalone Flash Player version for Safari and Firefox - NPAPI directly from

5. Remove ClickToFlash extension if it is installed, it can prevent Flash based videos from streaming. It can be found as a plugin in /Library/Internet-Plug-Ins.

6. Make sure the JavaScript and plugins are allowed in Security settings of Safari Preferences window.

Allow Safari Plugin- Reinstall Safari
Allow Safari Plugin- Reinstall Safari
Also check the Develop Menu to make sure "Disable JavaScript" is not checked.Learn how to enable Develop Menu in Safari
Allow JavaScript in Safari- Reinstall Safari
Allow JavaScript in Safari- Reinstall Safari
7. Check Safari after Turning Off the IPv6 Support.
Mac OS X has included support for IPv6 since Mac OS X v10.1 but Mac has also been known to have issue during transitioning into IPv6. Whenever a new step in IPv6 transition was taken, the next OS X release used to have issue with DNS and IPv6 implementation which Apple fixed after rolling out new updates from time to time.This issue made Safari run very slow like a snail, while other browsers were running fine.

On February 4, 2008, IANA adds AAAA records for the IPv6 addresses of six root name servers.With this transition, it became possible to resolve domain names using only IPv6.
On August 28, 2009,OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard  was released to manufacturing worldwide and reported to have issues with safari if using IPv6.

On June 6, 2012, the Internet Society together with many other big companies and organizations held World IPv6 Launch Day, a global permanent deployment of IPv6.
On July 25, 2012, Mountain Lion- OS X 10.8 was released and had a known issue with ipv6 and dns implementation and people started using Chrome and firefox until Apple admitted there was a bug and fixed it.The Same bug chased OS X 10.10 Yosemite too.

To fix this issue, first make sure your Mac is up to date by checking for Software updates.If its already updated and you still have the same issue then turn off the IPv6 as mentioned below. 

For OS 10.6.8 and earlier

a. ) Go to System Preferences > Network > Advanced > TCP/IP > Configure IPv6: Off.Click "OK" then Apply and then test after restarting the Mac.You could also use the following command in terminal to do the same.

Turning off IPv6 support for ethernet:
networksetup -setv6off Ethernet

Disabling IPv6 for wireless:
networksetup -setv6off Wi-Fi

Disable IPv6 in Safari- Reinstall Safari
Disable IPv6 in Safari- Reinstall Safari
Note :Disabling IPv6 may also stop you from using some of the core OS X system services, like the discovery service Bonjour, AirDrop, because they use IPv6. Accordingly, disabling IPv6 may render AirDrop sharing unusable, certain print services configured on Bonjour will become unavailable, and some other convenient Mac features may turn inoperable as well.

For OS X 10.7 and above

b. ) Go to System Preferences > Network > Advanced > TCP/IP > Configure IPv6: Link-local only.Click "OK" then "Apply" and then close preferences.Check Safari after Logout and log back in, it should be working fine.

Disable IPv6 in Safari- Reinstall Safari
Disable IPv6 in Safari- Reinstall Safari
Re-Enabling IPv6 for Wi-Fi & Ethernet in OS X

Of course, reversing the above change is also possible, and you can re-enable IPV6 support with the following command strings entered into the terminal:

For Wireless Interface
networksetup -setv6automatic Wi-Fi

For Ethernet Interface
networksetup -setv6automatic Ethernet

8. Flush the DNS Cache.

OS X keeps a local cache of resolved DNS queries for a time defined by the DNS server. Sometimes it might be necessary to reset the cache immediately and re-query a DNS server if an entry on your DNS server has recently changed.To Flush (Reset) DNS Cache, use the terminal commands below for the version of OS X you're using.

OS X Yosemite and later

Use the following Terminal command to reset the DNS cache in OS X v10.10.4 or later:
sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder
Use the following Terminal command to reset the DNS cache in OS X v10.10 through v10.10.3:
sudo discoveryutil mdnsflushcache

OS X Mavericks, Mountain Lion, and Lion

Use the following Terminal command to reset the DNS cache in OS X v10.9.5 and earlier:
sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder

Mac OS X Snow Leopard

Use the following Terminal command to reset the DNS cache in OS X v10.6 through v10.6.8:
sudo dscacheutil -flushcache

9. Try Open DNS
For, "can't connect to server" issues, Apple suggests using Open DNS or Google DNS. If you are using Safari 5.0.1 or later and you are facing issues like Slow or partial webpage loading, or webpage cannot be found.Try open DNS server mentioned below.
Open System Preferences > Network > Advanced > DNS
Click + and type:
Click + again and type.
Click OK.
Quit and relaunch Safari to test.
Use Open DNS With Safari- Reinstall Safari
Use Open DNS With Safari- Reinstall Safari
If that didn't help,go back to the DNS tab. Select the 208 addresses then click ➖ under the DNS Servers panel to delete.
Then click + to add Googles' DNS Server.
Then click OK and try Safari.
10. Scan the Computer with Malwarebyte Anti-malware.

Your Safari might be infected with Malware, Spyware or adware which is causing Safari to crash.I have created a list of Common Malware and Adware, check to see if your Computer is infected with any of these.Scan your computer with Malwarebyte -Anti-malware for Mac.Remove all the found items as they are harmful to your computer.

Remove Malware from Mac- Reinstall Safari
Remove Malware from Mac- Reinstall Safari
Look into the following folders and browse their contents for any third-party add-on files. Move the third party add-on files to trash.

/Library/Internet Plug-Ins/ 
/Library/Input Methods/ 
~/Library/Internet Plug-Ins/ 
~/Library/Input Methods/ 

11. Reset Safari 

If all the above methods have been tried and Safari still does not work.Reset the Safari by deleting the following files.
~/Library/Saved Application State/
~/Library/Application Support/CrashReporter/

Delete Keychain entry named "Safari Extensions list" from Keychain Access located in utilities folder.
Remove Safari extensions list- Reinstall Safari
Remove Safari extensions list- Reinstall Safari
Clear the NVRAM variables by typing the following command at terminal.
sudo nvram -c

Why will you have to Reinstall Safari?

If all the above mentioned steps have been exhausted and safari still doesn't seem to be working then it might be a possibility that "" application file has become corrupted.And the final resort to you is either clean reinstall Safari or Reinstall the OS X.
How would you Uninstall Safari? Uninstalling Safari from Mac is not as easy as uninstalling any third party apps.To uninstall safari you must either reinstall the operating system or use a third party app to uninstall the application for you and again to reinstall Safari, you either reinstall the whole Operating system or use a third party software to extract it from OS X installation file.If you normally try to move safari to trash you will see following error message.

"Safari can’t be modified or deleted because it’s required by OS X."

Follow the below mentioned steps to uninstall Safari.

1. Uninstall Safari using Terminal Command

Launch the Terminal, located in /Applications/Utilities/ folder.
Type the following command and hit enter to change the current working directory(CWD) to the Applications directory.
cd /Applications/

Now that you are in the Applications folder, you can start deleting apps. You will not get a confirmation of the removal, the app will simply be uninstalled completely. The following commands will only work when used in the /Applications/ directory.

sudo rm -rf

2. Uninstall Safari manually.

Go to the /Applications folder and Right-Click or Control-click on Safari icon and select Show Package Contents.

Uninstall Safari
Uninstall Safari
This will open a new folder called contents and it will have other bundled software and info.plist files inside it.Simply select all the package contents and delete them to uninstall safari.

Uninstall Safari
Uninstall Safari
After deleting the package contents you also need to delete other supporting configuration and preferences file for Safari exactly as mentioned above in Step 11-Reset Safari.Restart the computer now and Safari is uninstalled completely.

3. Uninstall Safari using a Third party App.

CleanMyMac 3 is a free application that you could use to uninstall Safari on OS X Yosemite 10.10 and below.In OS X El Captian, you cannot remove Safari with CleanMyMac 3 and will run into this message: "” couldn’t be removed because you don’t have permission to access it."

There are multiple ways of reinstalling Safari.If your OS X version has got a new Combo update released and you haven't installed it, Look into the details of Combo update and see if it contains Safari.If it has Safari then installing the Combo will bring Safari back as a fresh new updated version.If your OS X is already updated then follow one of the steps below.

1. Safari can also be downloaded from Softpedia  and reinstalled- 

Download it from the Softpedia and reinstall it as usual.

2. Use Pacifist to extract Safari out of the original OS X installation file.

Pacifist is a shareware application that can extract the contents from Mac OS X .pkg package files, .dmg disk images, and .zip, .tar, .tar.gz, .tar.bz2, and .xar archives. This is specially used when a native OS X application becomes damaged and needs to be reinstalled without the hassle of reinstalling all of Mac OS X.

Pacifist is compatible with Mac OS X 10.8 or higher, including Mac OS X 10.11 “El Capitan”. Pacifist requires a 64-bit Intel™ processor.

Download the latest version of Pacifist in zip or disk image format.For users using versions of Mac OS X older than 10.8, download older versions of Pacifist here.Now to Reinstall Safari you need the source image to extract safari from.

You can extract Safari from the following sources.
  1. Original OS X installer dmg file.
  2. Hidden Recovery Partition on any Mac.
A.) Extract Safari from original OS X installer DMG file.

90% of the times your Mac keeps a copy of the OS X that you downloaded to upgrade your system.This download is by default saved in Application folder.Go to the Application folder and see if you have OS X El Capitan or the current running version of OS X on your Mac.if you do not see it in Application folder, download it from the App store.

1. Open Pacifist and select the first option Open Package.
2. Choose the original OS X installer.dmg file.
3. Then browse through the contents and expand the Application folder to go to the Safari or you can simply type safari in the search box on the top right corner of the windows.
Reinstall Safari
Reinstall Safari
4. Right-Click or Control-Click the and select install.It will install Safari to its default location /Application/

B.) Extract Safari from Hidden Recovery Partition on your Mac.

Recovery Partition is a small (650MB) hidden partition on your Mac’s internal hard drive which is reserved for common utilities such as Time Machine,Terminal, Disk Utility and other built in set of utilities as part of the Recovery System.It even has Safari.We can extract Safari from this partition using Pacifist,if the partition is accessible.

To access the Recovery Partition, you will have to first turn on the debug menu as mentioned below:
1. Type the following command in located in the Utilities folder and hit enter.
defaults write DUDebugMenuEnabled 1

2. This command enables the hidden Debug menu to appear in Disk Utility.Open Disk Utility and look for “Debug” alongside ‘Help’.
3. Click on the new Debug menu and select “Show every partition".
4. Now you should see the ‘Recovery HD’ in the left-hand pane of the Disk Utility window although it will be grayed out.
Reinstall Safari from Recovery partition
Reinstall Safari from Recovery partition

5.Select ‘Recovery HD’ and click the Mount icon, at the top of the Disk Utility Window, to make it active.After it is mounted, It will show up on desktop.
6.Now use Pacifist to extract from Recovery Partition as mentioned below.
  • Open Pacifist and click Open Package then select recovery HD.
  • Go to the folder named "" and select BaseSystem.dmg and click open.
Reinstall Safari from Recovery partition
Reinstall Safari from Recovery partition
  • Once the BaseSystem.dmg is loaded you would see all of its contents.Select safari under Applications folder and then click on "Extract To" on the top and install it in Application Folder.
  • If it asks you to merge or Replace, Click Replace and Safari would be installed in the default Applications folder.
Reinstall Safari from Recovery partition
Reinstall Safari from Recovery partition

3. Reinstall OS X to Reinstall Safari.

If all the above steps have been tried and it still does not fix the Safari issue.The last resort to you is Reinstall OS X,it will install a fresh copy of both your operating system and Safari and it will not loose any of your files or document they will remain as is.Follow the step mentioned below for Reinstalling OS X.

Restart your computer and hold down "Cmd+R " together until you see gray Apple Logo. Make sure you're connected to the Internet, select "Reinstall OS X" and click "Continue." Follow the onscreen instructions to install OS X.

**********End of Article*********

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Tuesday, March 22, 2016

Safari Wants to Use Your Confidential Information Stored in 'website' in Your Keychain

Tuesday, March 22, 2016 1
Keychain Access is a Mac OS X application provided by Apple that allows you to view and edit the contents of a keychain file and configure its contents, including passwords for websites, web forms, FTP servers, SSH accounts, network shares, wireless networks, etc. Keychain Access understands the special format of a keychain file and can read and write to the contents of this file the same way that iPhoto can read picture files and allow you to edit and save them.

In other words, Keychain was developed by Apple to store sensitive confidential information such as passwords for applications, servers, and websites, or even sensitive information unrelated to your computer, such as credit card numbers or personal identification numbers (PINs) for bank accounts- All at one place to access them anytime, anywhere quickly within the OS X System.

For more information on Keychain and Keychain Access read the article - What is Keychain and Keychain Access?

When you login to a website for the first time your browser asks to save the login username and Password for Safari to use it next time you want to visit the same website.Sometimes when you visit such websites again and try to login, it gives you one of the following error messages.

“Safari wants to access your confidential information stored in ”website“ in your keychain”
“Safari wants to use your confidential information stored in 'website' in your keychain”
"Safari wants to access confidential information stored in '' in keychain."
"Safari wants to access confidential information stored in '' in keychain."

Safari Keychain Pop up
Safari Keychain Pop up

Solution: This error occurs when the Safari wants to access the Keychain Entry for a Particular website and it does not have access to its entry in keychain. By default every Keychain entry is Always Allowed to access by the App who creates it.This error normally occurs due to one of the following reasons.
  • When the keychain is Corrupt.
  • Keychain was restored from different OS X Install or any other Computers.
  • A Similar Keychain entry was created by another Application of same kind ( Chrome,Firefox etc.).
  • Keychain Password is different from Login Password.
Precautions : Before doing further troubleshooting take the backup of the passwords.

Fix Safari Keychain Pop Up Error- “Safari wants to access your confidential information stored in ”website“ in your keychain”

Step 1. Make Sure Keychain File is not Corrupt-Repair the Keychain.

To fix this issue, You should first make sure your Keychain file is not corrupted.
  • Launch Keychain Access from Utilities folder.
  • Choose Keychain Access > Keychain First Aid.
  • Enter your user name and password.
    Keychain Repair-Safari Keychain Pop up
    Keychain Repair
  • Select Verify, then click Start.
  • Any problems found are displayed.
  • If there are problems, select Repair, then click Start.
  • Rerun the Repair until you get a clean pass.
If the Keychain can not be repaired Reset the Default Keychain.

Note:- From OS X 10.11.2- El Capitan, Apple has eliminated the Keychain First Aid option you can just run the First Aid on Disk Utility.

Step 2. Add Safari to the AC (Access Control List ) of Keychain Entry for the website causing pop up. 
  • Open Keychain in your Utilities folder. 
  • Highlight one of the familiar keychain entries for the same website on the right side or type a familiar name in the spotlight panel.
  • Then double click the entry. When the panel opens, select "Access Control".
    Keychain Access Control-Safari Keychain pop up
    Keychain Access Control
  • In the "Always allow access" panel, click on the +, then navigate to Safari in your Applications folder. Save changes.
  • Now repair the Keychain.
  • Close Keychain Access and restart Safari.

Step 3. Delete the Keychain Entry Created by other browser.

If you have more than one browser on your Mac and they both were used to login to a particular website and you saved password in both the browsers.Let's Say the other browser is Chrome and you stored password in Keychain using Chrome too.Chrome save website password in keychain marking it internet Password while Safari does the same thing marking it Web Form Password.

Keychain Entry-Safari Keychain Pop up
Keychain Entry-Safari Keychain Pop up
So when you try to Login to this website using Safari, it trips over to the Internet password Saved by Chrome which it does not have access to as it was created by Chrome.So to make it work , allow safari also to access the entry by editing ACL as mentioned in Step 2 or delete the entry created by Chrome.

Step 4. Delete All the Keychain entry Associated with website Causing error.

If none of the above steps work, then simply follow the below mentioned steps.
  • Open Keychain Access from Utilities Folder.
  • Highlight all the familiar keychain entries for the same website on the right side or type a familiar name in the spotlight panel and select all.
    Keychain Entry-Safari Keychain Pop up
    Keychain Entry-Safari Keychain Pop up
  • And delete all the entries associated with the website causing pop up.
  • Close Keychain Access and restart Safari.

Step 5. Reset the Default Keychain

If nothing works then Reset the Keychain by following steps.
Resetting a keychain will delete all the old saved password or keychain entries and creates a new one.
To reset your keychain in Mac OS X 10.4, Mac OS X 10.5, and Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard or later:
  • Open Keychain Access, which is in the Utilities folder within the Applications folder.
  • From the Keychain Access menu, choose Preferences.
  • Click General, then click Reset My Default Keychain.
    Reset Default Keychain-Safari Keychain Pop up
    Reset Default Keychain
  • Authenticate with your account login password.
  • Quit Keychain Access.
  • Restart your computer.
Or delete the Keychain Folder located in ~/Library and restart the computer.
When you relaunch Safari you will be presented with the ‘Keychain Not Found’ dialog box which states that ‘A Keychain cannot be found to store “Safari” [or other app]‘. Click ‘Reset To Defaults’.

Reset Default Keychain-Safari Keychain Pop up
Reset Default Keychain-Safari Keychain Pop up
Tips - Note :- If you don't want to reset Keychain and stop Safari looking into keychain everytime you try to login to any website,You can simply disable this feature by going into Safari -> Preferences -> Autofill and uncheck all the boxes, it will stop prompting you for keychain access.This prevents Safari from using AutoFill when you visit websites that have forms for you to fill in.
Disable Safri autofill-Safari Keychain Pop up
Disable Safri autofill-Safari Keychain Pop up

To read more about Safari and Keychain error associated with it - Follow Safari Asks for Keychain Access Password everytime I Open it 

******End Of Article*******

Tags:safari keychain pop up,website password access pop up,Safari Wants to Use Your Confidential Information Stored in 'website' in Your Keychain

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Wednesday, March 16, 2016

What is Airport Time Capsule and how to reset its password?

Wednesday, March 16, 2016 1

Airport Time Capsule
Airport Time Capsule

Airport Time Capsule

The AirPort Time Capsule (previously known as just Time Capsule), a rectangular tube standing 6.6 inches tall and 3.85 inches wide is a wireless router sold by Apple Inc which is unique among its kind with an internal hard drive featuring network-attached storage (NAS) and a residential gateway router.Unlike some other hard-drive-equipped routers, the Time Capsule uses a SATA interface to the hard drive, versus a USB-to-SATA bridge. Apple, however, declined to disclose the rotational speed of the drive’s platters and if the drive has a SATA 6 Gbps interface or a slower SATA 3 Gbps interface.It comes with a 2 TB or 3 TB single 3.5 inches Seagate Barracuda or a Western Digital's (WD) hard drive inside.
Inside View of Airport Time Capsule- With Sata HDD Connection
Inside View of Airport Time Capsule- With Sata HDD Connection
Inside View of Airport Time Capsule- With Sata HDD Connection
Inside View of Airport Time Capsule- With Sata HDD Connection
History of Time Capsule

The AirPort Time Capsule was first released on February 29, 2008, with pricing announced at US$299 (£199) for the 500 GB version and US$499 (£329) for the 1 TB version.The first generation Time Capsule included a full AirPort Extreme Base Station with 802.11n wireless, an Ethernet WAN port, three Ethernet LAN ports, and one USB port. The USB port can be used for an external hard drive or a printer to be shared over the network, or both, by using a third-party USB hub.

In early 2009, Apple released the second generation Time Capsule. It offered simultaneous 802.11n dual-band operation, which allows older devices to use slower wireless speeds, without affecting the overall performance of devices that can use higher 802.11n speeds.The second generation model also included the addition of Guest Networking.The hard disk storage space of each model was doubled: capacities were 1 TB 2 TB, while the prices remained unchanged.

In October 2009, several news sites reported that many first generation Time Capsules were failing after 18 months,with some users alleging that this was due to a design failure in the power supplies. Apple confirmed that certain Time Capsules sold between February 2008 and June 2008 do not power on, or may unexpectedly turn off. Apple offered free repair or replacement to affected units.

The third generation Time Capsule was released in October 2009. The only change was a reconfiguration of the internal wireless antenna, resulting in an Apple-reported 50% increase in wireless performance and 25% increase in wireless range when compared to previous models.

The fourth generation Time Capsule, released in June 2011, increased the range of WiFi signals. The internal WiFi card was changed from a Marvell WiFi chip to a better-performing Broadcom BCM4331 chip.Apple again increased the storage space in each model as the hard drive sizes were increased to 2 TB and 3 TB. The 2 TB and 3 TB models were kept at the $299 and $499 price points.

The fifth generation Time Capsule was released in June 2013 alongside the sixth generation AirPort Extreme. This generation saw the name change to AirPort Time Capsule and to a taller form factor. 802.11ac support was added with this generation. The 2 TB model was kept at $299, but the 3 TB model dropped to $399.Amazon is giving $20 discount on 2 TB -5th generation model which will cost you $279 from Amazon.

Technical Specification of Airport Time Capsule

Airport Time Capsule Rear view
Airport Time Capsule Rear view

AirPort Time Capsule has six ports on the back:
1. One Gigabit Ethernet Wide Area Network (WAN) port
For connecting a DSL or cable modem, or for connecting to an existing Ethernet network
2. Three Gigabit Ethernet Local Area Network (LAN) ports
For connecting Ethernet devices such as printers or computers, or for connecting to an existing Ethernet network
3. One USB2.0 port
For connecting a compatible USB printer, hard disk, or hub for connecting several devices
4. Power port
For connecting AirPort Time Capsule to an AC power source

Note:- There is no power switch on Airport Time Capsule.

Size and Weight

Dimensions: 98 mm (3.85 inches) by 98 mm (3.85 inches) by 168 mm (6.6 inches)

Weight: 1.48 kg (3.26 pounds)

  • Interoperable with 802.11a-, 802.11b-, 802.11g-, 802.11n- and 802.11ac-enabled Mac computers, iOS devices, Apple TV, Windows-based PCs and other Wi-Fi devices
  • NAT, DHCP, PPPoE, VPN Passthrough (IPSec, PPTP and L2TP), DNS Proxy, IPv6 (6to4 and manual tunnels)
  • Wi‑Fi Protected Access™ (WPA/WPA2)4
  • WPA/WPA2 Enterprise4
  • MAC address filtering
  • NAT firewall
  • Time-based access control
Maximum Number of Users Supported
  •  50
System Requirements

Setup and Administration
  • iPhone, iPad or iPod touch with iOS 6 or later and AirPort Utility 1.3
  • Mac with OS X Lion v10.7.5 or later and AirPort Utility 6.3
Wireless Device Access
  • Any Wi-Fi-enabled device that uses the 802.11a/b/g/n/ac specification
Shared Printing with a USB Printer
  • USB printer
  • Mac with OS X v10.2.7 or later
  • PC with Windows XP (SP3), Windows Vista (SP2), Windows 7 (SP1) or Windows 8
Shared USB Hard Drive
  • Mac with OS X v10.4.8 or later
  • PC with Windows XP (SP3), Windows Vista (SP2), Windows 7 (SP1) or Windows 8
Backup using Time Machine
  • Mac with OS X v10.5.7 or later
Default SSID And Network Key
  • SSID: Apple Network XXXXXX (where XXXXXX is replaced with the last six digits of the AirPort ID).
  • Default Time Capsule password: public.
Inbuilt Fan for Ventilation
  • It does have a fan that vents out the bottom to keep the device cool.
Fan that vents out the bottom of Apple Time Capsule
Fan that vents out the bottom of Apple Time Capsule
Automatic Wireless Backup and File Sharing

Airport Time Capsule (TC) works smartly with Time Machine in OS X 10.5 Leopard or later to back up your Mac automatically and wirelessly, so you never have to worry about losing anything important again. Every photo. Every file. Every song. Even your apps and OS X settings are saved. AirPort Time Capsule stores it all — up to 2TB or 3TB of data.Once it is setup on the network, it’s immediately available as a file server and Time Machine backup target. As a Time Machine target, it takes a snapshot of the entire system as an initial backup after which, only the files you’ve changed are backed up — automatically, wirelessly and in the background. Since Time Machine continuously makes a copy of everything on your Mac — and saves multiple versions — you can easily access and restore previous versions of a single file, a folder or even your entire Mac.

With up to 3TB of storage space, you can easily backup multiple Macs without worrying about running out of memory. And when you do, you can archive the backups to an external hard drive connected to the USB port at the back of Time Capsule, then wipe the Time Capsule and start over from the beginning. Unfortunately, you can't use the external drive itself directly as the destination for Time Machine backup, but just for archive and data sharing.

As a file server it supports both AFP(Apple Filing Protocol) and SMB(Server Message Block) provides network access to files stored on the built-in hard drive. The 7.6.1 Time Capsule firmware enables remote access of the hard drive with an iCloud account. In the past, users needed a MobileMe account to remotely access data. Fourth generation models are available with 2 TB and 3 TB of built-in storage.

Note:- Time Capsule doesn't support external drives formatted using NTFS (Windows) and doesn't offer the option to format a connected external drive to the HFS+ (Mac) file system for you. In other words, to use an external drive with the Time Capsule, you first need to make sure it's already formatted using HFS+ or FAT.

Accessing Files from iPhone and iPad

You can download Apps like Remote File Browser to allow iPhone and iPad access files on Airport Time Capsule . They have both a paid version and a free version. Try the free version first they may fulfill your needs of accessing some movies and songs stored on Airport Time Capsule.

Up to Three Times Faster Wi-Fi

The new Time Capsule is 802.11ac  compatible with a dual-band model, capable of operating networks on both the 2.4GHz and the 5GHz frequency bands. It’s equipped with six antennas located on the top of the unit, which Apple claims helps the AirPort users connect from farther distances: three transmit/receive for its 2.4GHz radio, and three transmit/receive for its 5GHz radio.

With three-stream 802.11ac technology, the Airport Time Capsule can reach data rates of up to 1.3Gbps when used with 802.11ac-enabled clients, which is triple the 802.11n standard. 802.11ac Wi-Fi also provides double the channel bandwidth with 80MHz-wide channels providing more room for data to flow faster. If you're using an 802.11a/b/g/n Wi-Fi device, Airport Time Capsule can still optimize the connection for those Wi-Fi standards as well.

Simultaneous Dual-Band Support -Choosing the correct frequency band

No matter which band your wireless devices use, they'll automatically connect to the best available band for the fastest possible performance.

The primary difference between the 2.4 GHz and 5GHz wireless frequencies is range as the 2.4GHz frequency is able to reach farther than the 5GHz frequency.In general, the higher the frequency of a wireless signal, the shorter its range. Thus, 2.4GHz networks cover a substantially larger range than 5GHz wireless networks.When you set up your AirPort Time Capsule, it creates two high-speed Wi-Fi networks:
  • A 2.4 gigahertz (GHz) network for 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n devices, such as iPhone,iPod touch, and older computers
  • A 5 GHz network for 802.11n, 802.11a, and 802.11ac devices, such as iPhone, iPad, Apple TV,and newer computers
The 2.4GHz frequency range is much more prone to interference, as it is commonly used by other wireless networks in the area, as well as cordless phones, garage door openers and other home appliances and consumer products, which is why -- 2.4Ghz is very congested resulting in dropped connections and slow data throughput.


When choosing the band for your router, it is also important to consider the capabilities of your wireless clients. Many older laptops, tablets and other typical wireless devices still work only in the 2.4GHz band, while media streaming devices and newer phones have increasingly better adoption in the 5GHz band as well.802.11ac is available only on the 5GHz frequency band.

Beamforming Puts the Focus on Your Device

With 802.11ac technology comes the intelligent, powerful beamforming antenna array. Beamforming is a signal processing technique used in wireless communications, sonars and radars for directional signal transmission and reception. Beamforming is achieved by combining elements in a transmitter/antenna array in a way where signals at particular angles experience constructive interference, while others experience destructive interference. In general, the router knows where an 802.11ac device is on the network. Then AirPort Time Capsule targets its signal to that device. So your Wi‑Fi signal is stronger, clearer and faster.
 And each of its clients exchange information as to their physical locations. They use this information to concentrate their radio energy to achieve the highest possible throughput.

Airport Time Capsule Uses Beamforming for its client
Airport Time Capsule Uses Beamforming for its client
The new  Time Capsule offered about the same range as the previous generation, up to about 270 feet away. Its effective range, however, is within approximately 150 feet or less, which is rather standard for a dual-band router. Note that Wi-Fi range varies a great deal depending on the environment. The device also passed my 24-hour stress test, during which it didn't disconnect once.

Internet Access for your Guest

Just like other routers Time Capsule also supports guest networking, you can set up a separate Wi‑Fi network just for guests.A guest network allows access only to the Internet, so your primary network - including any external hard drive, printer, or other LAN-attached device - remains secure.

Designed with Performance in Mind- Sped up .Slimmed Down.

Apple has made the new Airport Time Capsule taller and put the antennas at the top, creating a higher platform for dispersing the signal.The new vertical design not only improves Wi‑Fi performance, it also saves you valuable desk space. At less than 10 centimetres square, the footprint of AirPort Time Capsule is 75 per cent smaller than its predecessor. 

Get Online Safely and Securely

AirPort Time Capsule includes a built-in firewall that creates a barrier between your network and the Internet, protecting your data from malicious attacks. When you set up AirPort Time Capsule, the firewall is automatically turned on

Printer and Hard Drive Sharing
Protect your Hard Drive with a Password
AirPort Time Capsule can turn your external USB hard drive into a secure drive you can share across your Wi-Fi network and access securely over the Internet. All the documents, videos, photos, and other files instantly become available to anyone on the network, Mac and PC users alike. It's perfect for file sharing, collaborative projects and more.

Print Without Wires
The USB 2.0 port in AirPort Time Capsule is also great for sharing a printer across your wireless network. Just plug it in and everyone on your network can take advantage of one centrally available printer wirelessly

Limitation of Time Capsule

Along with its advantages there are some limitation of Airport Time Capsule too.Following are some Major drawbacks.

1. For me the biggest disappointing is the USB 2.0 port and no USB 3.0 support.

2. Guest networking -- a feature that allows for creating an isolated Wi-Fi network for guests -- is available only on the 2.4GHz band but not on the 5GHz one.

3. There's no way to set up Web filtering, in case you want to block a certain Web sites or keywords. 

4. You can't customize QoS or firewall services, either, and this means it's not possible to manually prioritize Internet traffic for certain applications, such as media streaming or online gaming.

5. There's no media streaming options that allow for streaming digital content, either stored on the Time Capsule's internal storage or on the connected external hard drive, to connected devices. In other words, if you put music, photos, or videos on the Time Capsule's storage, they won't be available to network media streamers, such as the Roku or the WD TV, or even the Apple TV. 

6. Print Server, FTP and Web hosting are not supported.You can't use the Airport Time Capsule as a server for Printing, FTP or Web functions, either.

7. The lack of an ADSL modem is a long-standing complaint.You can not connect to the 

internet without the help of an ADSL router or modem.

Setting up Airport Time Capsule
A Typical Home Network with Airport Time Capsule
A Typical Home Network with Airport Time Capsule

Use your Mac or an iOS device to set up your AirPort Time Capsule.

You can set up your AirPort Time Capsule to do one of the following:
  • Create a new network that wireless computers and devices can use to connect to the Internet and to each other.
  • Extend an existing network. If the network is connected to the Internet, all the computers and wireless devices on the AirPort network can use the Internet connection.
Computers connected to your AirPort Time Capsule using Ethernet can also access the
network to share files and connect to the Internet.

If you’re using your AirPort Time Capsule to connect to the Internet, you need a broadband
(DSL or cable modem) account with an Internet service provider, or a connection to the
Internet using an existing Ethernet network. If you received specific information from your
ISP (such as a static IP address or a DHCP client ID), you may need to enter it in AirPort Utility.
Have this information available before you set up your AirPort Time Capsule.

Setting Up AirPort Time Capsule Using a Mac
You’ll need:
  • A Wi-Fi enabled Mac computer or a Mac computer connected to your AirPort Time Capsule with an Ethernet cable (in order to set it up using Ethernet)
  • OS X v10.7.5 or later
  • AirPort Utility v6.3 or later
Use Software Update to get the latest version of OS X and AirPort Utility.
To set it up:

1. Open AirPort Utility, located in the Utilities folder in the Applications folder.
2. Select your AirPort Time Capsule and click Continue. If you don’t see the AirPort Time Capsule you want to configure, choose it from the Wi-Fi status menu in the menu bar.
3. Follow the onscreen instructions to create a new network or extend an existing network.
Airport Time Capsule Network Mode
Airport Time Capsule Network Mode

Setting Up AirPort Time Capsule Using an iOS device
You’ll need:
  • An iPad, iPhone, or iPod touch
  • iOS 6.1 or later
Check Settings on your iOS device for the latest version of iOS.
To set it up:
1. Tap Settings on the Home screen, then tap Wi-Fi.
2. Tap the name of your AirPort Time Capsule.
3. Follow the onscreen instructions to create a new network or extend an existing network.

Setting Advanced Options
To set advanced options,such as advanced security options or to change existing Wi-Fi network, closed networks, DHCP lease time, access control, IPv6, and more.
To set advanced options or make changes to a network you’ve already set up:
1. Choose the wireless network you want to change.
If you haven’t set up your AirPort Time Capsule, the default network name is Apple Network XXXXXX, where XXXXXX is the last six digits of the AirPort ID.
2. Open AirPort Utility.
3. Select the AirPort Time Capsule you want, then click Edit.
Edit Airport Time Capsule Using Airport Utility
Edit Airport Time Capsule Using Airport Utility
4. If you’re prompted for a password, enter it (Default password is public).
5. Adjust the settings you want for your AirPort Time Capsule and your network.

When you go to set up AirPort Utility it will ask you whether you want to use Time Capsule as a router, it will have several options under router mode. And you can select no to the router and choose to just make it a wireless hard drive if you want.
Airport Time Capsule Router Mode
Airport Time Capsule Router Mode
If you plan to share your Internet connection with wireless-enabled computers on your
network or with computers connected to the Ethernet ports, you need to set up your
Time Capsule as an AirPort base station.

AirPort Time Capsule can turn your external hard drive connected to USB 2.0 Port at the back of the Airport Time Capsule into a secure drive, you can share across your Wi-Fi network and access securely over the Internet with a password.Similarly you can also make the Time Machine Backup drive password protected.To make the External USB hard drive password protected follow the steps below:

1. Open AirPort Utility located in System Preferences.
2. Select the AirPort Time Capsule, then click Edit.
3. Go to the Disks tab, check the box for Enable file sharing.
4. Select one of the security option under "Secure Shared Disk".
Secure Airport Time Capsule Hard Drive Over the Network
Secure Airport Time Capsule Hard Drive Over the Network
5. There are three sharing options: via user accounts, via a disk password, or via the device's password.In the dropdown for Secured Shared Disks, select With a Disk Password. This password is independent from the password entered for the Time Capsule configuration, which is used for managing the Time Capsule. The password you are now entering will be used to connect to the drive for backups. Check the box for Remember this password in my keychain. 

6. Click Update. A small window will appear asking you if you’re sure you want to continue. Click Continue and the Time Capsule will begin to update the changes made. 

Using Time Machine with Your AirPort Time Capsule

To set up or adjust Time Machine on a computer using Mac OS X v10.5.7 or later:
1. Choose Apple > System Preferences, and then click Time Machine.
2. Slide the switch to ON and click Select Disk.
3. Choose your AirPort Time Capsule and click Use Disk.
Use Airport Time Capsule Drive As a Backup Destination
Use Airport Time Capsule Drive As a Backup Destination
4.You will need to enter the Time Capsule password you choose during the setup process. Enter the password and click Connect.

If You Forgot Your Network Password or Time Capsule Password

You can clear the AirPort network password or Time Capsule password by resetting

your Time Capsule.

To reset your password:

1. Use something pointed (such as a ballpoint pen) to press and hold the reset button for
one second.Holding the reset button for a seconds make the existing network unsecure for 10-15 mins allowing you to connect to your Wi-Fi network even without a password and change the settings.
Important: If you press the reset button for more than one second, you may lose your
network settings and you will have to set up the Time Capsule from beginning but that does not erase  the Time Machine Backup on Airport Time Capsule HDD.

2. Select your AirPort network.
  • On a Mac, use the Wi-Fi status menu in the menu bar to select the network created by your AirPort Time Capsule (the network name doesn’t change).
  • On an iOS device, choose the network in Wi-Fi Settings.
3. Open AirPort Utility.
If AirPort Utility isn’t installed on your computer, you can download it from If AirPort Utility isn’t installed on your iOS device,
you can install it from the App Store.
4. Select your AirPort Time Capsule and click Edit.
5. Click Base Station and enter a new password for your AirPort Time Capsule.
6. Click Wireless and choose an encryption method from the Wireless Security pop-up
menu. Then enter a new password for your AirPort network.
7. Click Update to restart your AirPort Time Capsule and load the new settings.

Tips and Troubleshooting

If You Can’t Connect to the Internet

  • Try connecting to the Internet directly from your computer. If you can’t connect,check to make sure your network settings are correct. If they appear to be correct and you still can’t connect, contact your Internet service provider (ISP).
  • Make sure you’re connecting to the correct wireless network.
If Your Time Capsule Isn’t Responding
  1. Try unplugging it and plugging it back in.
  2. If your AirPort Time Capsule still won’t respond, you may need to reset it to the factory default settings.
Important: Resetting your AirPort Time Capsule to factory default settings erases all of the current settings and resets them to their original state.

To reset your AirPort Time Capsule to its factory settings:
  • Use something pointed (such as a ballpoint pen) to press and hold the reset button until the status light flashes quickly (about 5 seconds).
Your AirPort Time Capsule resets with the following settings:
  • Your AirPort Time Capsule receives its IP address using DHCP.
  • The network name is reset to Apple Network XXXXXX (where XXXXXX is replaced with the last six digits of the AirPort ID).
    Reset Airport Time Capsule Network
    Reset Airport Time Capsule Network
  • The AirPort Time Capsule password is set to public.
If your AirPort Time Capsule still doesn’t respond, try the following:
1. Unplug your AirPort Time Capsule.
2. Use something pointed to press and hold the reset button while you plug in your
AirPort Time Capsule.

If Your AirPort Time Capsule Status Light Flashes Amber

The Ethernet cable may not be connected properly, or there may be a problem with your Internet service provider or with the AirPort Time Capsule settings.

If you’re connected to the Internet with a DSL or cable modem, the modem may have lost its connection to the network or the Internet. Even if the modem seems to be working properly,try disconnecting it from its power supply, waiting a few seconds, and then reconnecting it. Make sure your AirPort Time Capsule is connected directly to the modem via Ethernet before reconnecting power to the modem.

How to remotely access Time Capsule using iCloud

Time Capsule setup: 
  1. Open Airport Utility.
  2. Open Time Capsule Base Station tab.
  3. Put iCloud NAME in "Back to My Mac".
  4. Enter Password, then wait for activation (less than 1 minute normally)
  5. Open Time Capsule Disks tab.
  6. Check mark "Enable file sharing".
  7. Check mark "Share disk over WAN".
  8. Password self explanatory.

Make sure the Back to My Mac option is checked in your Mac's iCloud Preferences 
  • Open iCloud in System Preferences
  • Put a check mark on "Back to My Mac", wait for activation (less than 1 minute normally)
Back to My Mac In iCloud Preferences
Back to My Mac In iCloud Preferences
Connecting to Time Capsule Disk from you HOME network or outside your home network 

In order to connect to Time Capsule Disk off your local (home) network you must have an internet connection, if you do then do this:

1.  Open Finder
2.  In Finder open Shared if collapsed and double click on your Time Capsule name.
3.  Double click your Time Capsule, enter password (if you required).
4.  Once connected to your Time Capsule double click on your Disk to mount it enter password (if your required).

5.  Done, remember the connection speed is dependent on your internet quality (broadband vs dial-up).

*******End of Article******


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