January 2017 - Hawkdive

Sunday, January 29, 2017

Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade?

Sunday, January 29, 2017 0

Is Your Mac Running Slow After macOS Sierra Upgrade? Or CPU Overheating With The Fans Running At a Blazing Fast Speed?  Don't Worry, We Will Help You!

Almost everyone of us have upgraded their Mac to macOS Sierra by now and some of us have felt that the computer is running slower than it should be. If you have also noticed a degradation in performance after upgrading to macOS Sierra or fan running with a blasting speed , there is likely a good reason for it or you need to perform some simple check to troubleshoot the slow performance hit after upgrading to macOS Sierra. After reading this article, you will be able to answer the following questions:
Read this article to learn why macOS Sierra may be running slow or overheating with CPU fans running at blazing fast speed ever since you upgraded to macOS Sierra.You must know what to do about it as your Mac may not be running smoothly or it may be literally crawling on you. Go through the each steps mentioned below in the same order as it is written to make your Mac run faster again. For those whose Mac is running slow due to low disk space or whose startup disk is almost full can jump directly to step #12 to fix slow Mac due to low space on startup disk.

#1. Check if your Mac is working on Spotlight Indexing after upgrade

Yes, indexing in your Mac is exactly the same thing as indexing in a book. This is a necessary task that your Mac must complete after upgrading to macOS Sierra, to use all of its features. Indexing is used to quickly locate data without having to search though every row in a database table. It collects, stores and parses data to facilitate fast and accurate information retrieval.

macOS Sierra comes with some outstanding features like facial recognition that lets you search people in photos, identify places, features, faces and other landmarks. Siri is another new feature that works on voice recognition technology, which can accept your voice command and search through your Mac. So your Mac has to index information from your photo library for identifiable features and faces, iTunes library for songs and artists, Mail, Messages and all the documents. Indexing normally takes quite a while to complete before it can be used with Spotlight and Siri but it can take a very long time if you have a large photo library and a large hard drive with a ton of files causing your Mac to run slow while it is indexing. So just let the indexing complete itself,  interrupting it will cause Spotlight to not work properly, and it will just attempt to re-index again anyway. After the indexing is completed your computer should be back to normal.

To check if your Mac is working on Spotlight Indexing click on the Spotlight icon ( Looks like a magnifying glass ) on the top right hand corner of the screen and just type anything. It will show the status as indexing.
Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade
Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade- Indexing
If your Mac is not indexing and it is still running Slow after upgrade then move on to the next step.

# 2. Check if your Mac is taking Time Machine backup

Time Machine is an automatic backup utility in macOS Sierra. After upgrading your Mac, the operating system files and settings are changed and so Time Machine would also start taking backup of new macOS Sierra and everything on your Mac as a fresh which would take a considerable amount of time depending upon the number of files and their sizes. Though Time Machine Backup process has got low CPU usage priority but it still uses the memory and resources to read and write data. Sometimes this Time Machine gets in the way of spotlight indexing and they both runs at the same time which makes your Mac go haywire. Time Machine may also get stuck causing your Mac to run slower. You may want to stop the the Time Machine backup process temporarily and resume it later once everything else has finished doing their job and Mac runs faster.

Click on the Time Machine icon up at the top next to Wi-Fi or battery icon to check if you Mac is backing up your data.
Slow macOS Due to Time Machine Backup
Slow  macOS Due to Time Machine Backup
If the backup is going on, then choose " Open Time Machine Preferences... " and see the "time remaining" below the progress bar. If  it shows more than 10 minutes then click on the " X " icon next to progress bar to stop it temporarily. This will definitely help finishing spotlight indexing sooner.
Slow macOS Due to Time Machine Backup
Slow macOS Due to Time Machine Backup
Check the performance of your Mac after the Spotlight indexing and Time Machine Backup is completed. If it still runs slow then follow the next step.

# 3. Verify macOS Sierra's Compatibility With Your Mac

Sometime we just install any updates coming into our way without verifying its compatibility and adverse effect. It might be possible that your Mac is not compatible with the macOS Sierra. Your Mac must meet the following minimum hardware requirement to run macOS Sierra properly otherwise you will have various problems and challenges that include Slow macOS Sierra after upgrade.

Minimum RAM ( Memory Stick ) : 2GB ( 4GB would be Recommended)
Available Space on the hard drive : 8.8GB of available storage

You must have the following Mac model
  • MacBook (Late 2009 or newer)
  • MacBook Pro (Mid 2010 or newer)
  • MacBook Air (Late 2010 or newer)
  • Mac mini (Mid 2010 or newer)
  • iMac (Late 2009 or newer)
  • Mac Pro (Mid 2010 or newer)
If you have a 2GB RAM, I would suggest you to install more memory at least 2GB more to make your Mac run better. If your Mac is older than above mentioned model then consider downgrading it to previous version that you had. If your Mac meet all the requirement as mentioned above then move on to the next step.

# 4. Boot your Mac in Safe mode

It is always a good practice to start your Mac in safe mode when it doesn't work well or runs slower. Safe mode in Mac is different than Safe mode in Windows, as your Mac attempts to fix problems while booting into safe mode. So start your Mac in safe mode by holding the Shift key down during boot up and compare how your Mac works in Safe Mode to how it was in normal mode. Restart the Mac in normal mode again without holding any key and see if the problem persists.
  • If the issue doesn't come back, it was probably caused by a cache or directory issue with your startup disk, which safe mode fixed.
  • If the issue comes back, you might have incompatible login items or some Antivirus or such programs causing your Mac run slower. Follow the next step to fix them.

# 5. Uninstall Any Antivirus or Such Security Software Causing Slowness

Mac has been known for its inbuilt security against Viruses and Malwares and being a Unix based operating system it is Sandboxed (Computer Security). Apart from that, it has got its own security called Gatekeeper to block any software that hasn't been digitally signed and approved by Apple to run on your Mac without your agreement from being installed. So third party Antivirus Software are not required on Mac and they tend to cause More issues than they claim to fix.

But remember it does not mean that the Macs are not hackable, they can still be exploited by newer types of  threats like adware or malware. These threats can not harm your file but can annoy you to buy something or stop you from doing something by showing a lot of pop ups and weird search engines causing your Mac run slower.These malware and adware can be removed easily by running Malwarebyte for Mac once in a while or every time you notice their suspicious activity. So you are not required to install any Antivirus on your Mac as their so called real time protection or shield will keep hogging your CPU and computer resources all the time causing frequent slowness and other problems. Uninstall all of these Antivirus thing using their uninstaller or removal tools. Download the removal tools for some the majorly used Antivirus from below link and run it.

Sophos Antivirus Uninstaller -  https://community.sophos.com/kb/hu-hu/121206
Avast Uninstaller for Mac- https://www.avast.com/download-thank-you.php?product=MAC-FREE-AVAST
Norton Uninstaller for Mac - ftp://ftp.symantec.com/misc/tools/mactools/RemoveSymantecMacFiles.zip
Mcafee Uninstaller for Mac- Removed by uninstaller program that comes with the Antivirus.
ESET Antivirus Uninstaller For Mac - http://support.eset.com/kb3239/?locale=en_EN
ClamXav Uninstaller For Mac - http://www.clamxav.com/clamavEngineREMOVER.zip
Bitdefender Uninstaller Tool for Mac - http://www.bitdefender.com/files/KnowledgeBase/file/Uninstaller.zip
Trend Micro Uninstaller For Mac - https://esupport.trendmicro.com/en-us/home/pages/technical-support/1061005.aspx

# 6. Scan Your Computer With Malwarebyte For Mac

Malwarebyte for Mac, previously known as Adwaremedic is a light and lean but very powerful software. It scans for and removes all harmful software and their codes that degrades performance or attacks your system. It only takes 8.4MB of space on your hard drive and runs at ultra fast speed. It does not have any real time shield protection or any such technology that keeps utilizing your CPU and resources all the time. You just need to runs it once in a while and it cleans all the malware and adware from your Mac making it faster again. I would recommend you to download Malwarebyte for Mac and keep it in your system.
Run Malwarebyte on Slow macOS Sierra
Run Malwarebyte on Slow macOS Sierra
Install Malwarebyte and open it >> Select Scan and wait for the results. Within few seconds it will show you the results with all the detected malware, spyware and adware already checked.You just need to click on remove selected items at the bottom to remove harmful apps or their code causing your Mac run slower. Make sure you check the list and just uncheck the one that you want to keep, though I have never seen Malwarebyte detecting useful software as a threat so the list is always correct and you should click the button " Remove Selected Items".
Run Malwarebyte on Slow macOS Sierra
Run Malwarebyte on Slow macOS Sierra
Restart your Mac after removing threats and check if it works fine. If it is still running slow after upgrade, follow the next step.

# 7. Remove Unwanted or Unnecessary Applications from Your Mac

It is kind of a natural instinctive behavior in humans that we always want to grab things which are available for free and believe easily on whatever is shown to us by digital media. And because of this very reason we download and install so many free software thinking they would help finish the job easily or make the system faster. But remember most of them are considered akin to malware or adware and are unnecessary. An example of them are Mackeeper, MacBooster, CleanMyMac, TuneupMyMac, Disk Diag, Zip Cloud, Cocktail and etc.They are not required at all because you already have a similar tool by Apple to curb their needs. If you have any of these software or akin to them, they might be the reason of your Mac running slower. So open the Application folder and find such program that are harmful or the one you have not been using for a long time and move them to Trash.
Slow Mac after Sierra Upgrade -2
Slow Mac after Sierra Upgrade-2

# 8. Remove Unnecessary Login Items To Fix Slow Startup

Startup items, or login items, are services or applications that are set to launch every time you start your Mac. Programmers use the startup items to start the necessary services to load some programs in the background beforehand. You can also add any application to login items list to start it automatically as soon as your Mac is turned on. But remember if you have so many startup or login items, it weighs heavily on your Mac 's processor and memory capacities and slow it down. You can remove all or some startup items leaving just the necessary one to fix slow macOS Sierra bootup. Sometimes when you uninstall any application or services, it leaves a login item with a broken link showing an exclamation mark. You must remove them as they are completely useless and slow the computer when macOS looks for those non-existent applications to load at startup.

To remove startup items on your macOS Sierra :
  • Click on the Apple icon and choose System Preferences.
  • Open Users & Groups applet from System Preferences >> Select your user account on the left.
  • Click on the Login Items tab on the right pane.
  • Click the lock icon at the bottom and enter your password.
    Remove Login items to fix slow Mac after macOS Sierra upgrade
    Remove Login items to fix slow Mac after macOS Sierra upgrade
  • Select the startup / login items in the list and click on the delete button ( " - " minus sign) at the bottom to remove them. Remove them all as they can be added again if required. I would recommend you to just leave items related to your dial-up connection, VPN connection, Fitbit app, Tom Tom app or any similar app that you need to start along with the Mac.
Note:- Earlier version of OS X used to have these startup items in a folder located in /Library/StartupItems but that has been deprecated by Apple and this folder is left blank. There is no harm in checking this folder as well during the troubleshooting just in case some App has its code copied there too. Deleting startup item will boost the macOS sierra performance and fix slow Mac issue to some extent.

# 9. Check and Remove Unnecessary Items from Launch Agents and Launch Daemons

LaunchAgents and Launch Daemons are two designated folder provided by Apple for the developers to launch any application or script or task automatically at the time of boot up or at the time of login or run every so often or at a certain date and time and so on. They both are managed and loaded into memory by " launchd " process and contains XML files called plists. The only difference between them is the time they are loaded. LaunchDaemons loads while the system boots whereas LaunchAgents loads later when a user logs in rather than at system boot. Removing unnecessary items from LaunchAgents and LaunchDaemons can help fixing slow performance of Mac. LaunchAgents has three different locations as mentioned below.

Library/LaunchAgents/  – (For all users)
~/Library/LaunchAgents/  – (For a specific user)
/System/Library/LaunchAgents/ – (For OS X use only)

While LaunchDaemons is located at below path:

/Library/LaunchDaemons ( For All Users)
/System/Library/LaunchDaemons ( For OS X only)

Most of the apps create their startup entry in these two folders so you might want to delete the unnecessary items from these locations to stop such apps or script from loading at startup or at login causing your macOS Sierra run slower.You can remove all the items from "~/Library/LaunchAgents " without any worry as this is a user specific folder however be careful when removing anything from "/Library/LaunchAgents" or "/Library/LaunchDaemons" as they also contains important OS X related files and licensing information for some programs such as Microsoft Office which keeps the licensing information in a file called " com.microsoft.office.licensing.plist "and "com.microsoft.office.licensing.helper.plist" in these two folders. Removing those plist may cause Microsoft Office to not work or activate again. It is advisable not to touch them if you are not aware of what these files are and what is it used for. Only remove plist files related to a problematic app that causes troubles on Mac startup or slowness.

To open LaunchAgents or LaunchDaemons:
  • Click on the Go menu at the Top and select "Go to Folder.."
    Remove LaunchAgents to fix Slow Mac after Sierra Upgrade
    Remove LaunchAgents to fix Slow Mac after Sierra Upgrade
  • Type the path you want to go to and hit Enter/Return.
    Slow Mac after macOS Sierra upgrade -3
    Slow Mac after macOS Sierra upgrade -3
  • Check the plists of the harmful program causing slowness and move them to trash.
  • Restart your Mac and check if  the problematic app has been stopped from running at startup.

# 10. Turn iCloud Drive Off 

iCloud Drive is the another big reason why your Mac is running slower after upgrading to macOS Sierra. With macOS Sierra, Apple introduced this new feature that allows you to add files from your Mac Desktop and Documents folder to iCloud Drive automatically. While upgrading to macOS Sierra, you’re asked if you want to sync your Desktop and Documents folders with iCloud. If you turn this feature on, your Desktop and Documents folders are really moved to iCloud Drive which can be accessed from the left sidebar in Finder. So every time you open a file from Desktop / Documents or save it to Desktop / Documents, it synchronizes the file with iCloud Drive across all the devices.

Though this is a great feature but due to dependency on internet and iCloud services it ends up putting extra pressure on Mac CPU and resources because downloading and uploading a file from iCloud get more services and resources engaged to achieve the task as compared to the number of services and resources engaged in accessing the files locally. Also, it becomes more problematic when someone has a slow internet connection or using a dial up connection in remote areas.Another drawback is the limited storage available from Apple until you buy additional space. Every user gets 5GB of free iCloud Storage so if someone has a ton of files weighing more than 5GB, he could not move them all to iCloud Drive but macOS sierra will keep checking if space has become available on iCloud drive to move the files which wastes the CPU and resources and slow your Mac down.

So turn off the iCloud Drive and check your computer's performance, if it runs faster or performance improves then turn it back on and only back up the stuff you need and leave the Desktop and Documents options unchecked. Compare the performance again or just turn the iCloud Drive off again if your Mac runs slow.

To Turn iCloud Drive Off:
  • Go to Apple menu > System Preferences and select iCloud.
  • Uncheck iCloud Drive from the list.
    iCloud Drive Slowing the macOS Sierra after upgrade
    iCloud Drive Slowing the macOS Sierra after upgrade
  • If you just want to turn Desktop and Document synchronization off then click Options next to iCloud Drive.
  • Uncheck the Desktop & Documents Folders and click Done.
    iCloud Drive Slowing the macOS Sierra after upgrade
    iCloud Drive Slowing the macOS Sierra after upgrade

# 11. Verify and Repair Your Mac's Startup Drive With Disk Utility's First Aid 

Another important step in fixing your slow macOS Sierra after upgrade would be to run the built-in disk permission repair tool called First Aid for hard drives. I highly suggest you to repair disk permissions by running First Aid on your Mac's startup volume as it solves hundreds of problems and repair corrupted OS X files causing slow Mac.

Every drive has several physical and logical components which are involved in reading and writing Data on a hard drive. Most of the logical components are hidden invisible files like, Allocation File, Catalog Files, Volume Header, Attributes File, Log Files of metadata, Access control lists and etc. Access control lists store permissions information of a file,that determine who can read or write to this file and which user should be denied from reading its contents. A permission allows one application to “talk” with another application and so OS X wants permissions and ownership to be accurate and enabled to function properly. Disk Utility’s First Aid feature checks all those permissions and files in order to repair the corrupted or altered ones. So you must run the First Aid on the startup disk to repair drive's data structures and to improve computer's performance. However, the repair to the startup disk can not be performed until the selected drive is unmounted. Your Mac’s startup drive can’t be unmounted since it's in use so you must restart your Mac in recovery mode by holding the " CMD + R" during bootup and run the repair from recovery mode to fix hard drive errors causing your Mac running slow. If your Mac can not boot to the recovery mode you will need to boot your Mac from any OS X install disk.

To Run Disk Utility's First Aid on macOS Sierra 's Startup Drive:
  • Open Disk Utility (through Spotlight or in Applications/Utilities), choose your Startup hard drive on the left which is mostly named as Macintosh HD.
  • Click on the “First Aid " and click Run.
    Run Disk Utility to Fix Slow Mac after upgrade to macOS Sierra
    Run Disk Utility to Fix Slow Mac after upgrade to macOS Sierra
  • It the drive has no problems then disk utility will report that the drive appears to be OK, or that the drive has been repaired, and you’re done.
    Run Disk Utility to Fix Slow Mac after upgrade to macOS Sierra -1
    Run Disk Utility to Fix Slow Mac after upgrade to macOS Sierra -1
  • If an error is found, First Aid will display the error, but make no attempt to repair the drive. It will suggest you to try repairing it from Recovery Mode.You must repair the drive in recovery mode in order to fix the slow running Mac, post upgrading to macOS Sierra.
    Run Disk Utility to Fix Slow Mac after upgrade to macOS Sierra -2
    Run Disk Utility to Fix Slow Mac after upgrade to macOS Sierra -2
  • Turn off the Mac and restart while holding " CMD + R " keys together.Let go off the keys when you see Apple logo.
  • Select Disk Utility and click continue.
    Run Disk Utility to Fix Slow Mac after upgrade to macOS Sierra -3
    Run Disk Utility to Fix Slow Mac after upgrade to macOS Sierra -3
  • Select the startup disk Macintosh HD on the left and click on the First Aid from the main menu on the right.
  • Click run to repair the hard drive.
  • If Disk Utility reports that it can’t repair your disk, try to run the First Aid again.
  • If that doesn’t work, back up your data, format the disk and reinstall macOS Sierra.
  • If the problem continues or it can’t be repaired, it may be physically damaged and need to be replaced.
Reboot the computer after repair is complete as 80-90% of the times reboot itself fixes slow Mac issue, because it flushes RAM, stop memory leaks, fixes small errors and installs any pending updates. Follow the next step if your Mac still runs slow ever since you upgraded to macOS Sierra. If you are getting any other message read this post by apple on how to use Disk Utility to fix hard drive errors.

# 12. Free Up More Space on the Startup Disk

The startup disk is the hard drive with macOS on it which your computer boots from. Most Mac users have just one disk so that internal disk becomes the startup disk for them. This is the hard drive your macOS uses all the time while running any app, browsing internet, checking emails or doing any other task, so it also collects a lot of junks, logs, caches, cookies, error logs, unwanted apps, duplicate files, old backups, unused languages and etc. These unwanted files and junks eat up a lot of precious space on your startup disk over time and shrink the room space available for macOS Sierra to work properly which causes several other problems including slow Mac. Your macOS may also report some errors including startup disk is almost full. Free up disk space as much as possible otherwise it can lead to data loss if the drive becomes so full that the OS cannot even boot. To fix this slow Mac issue caused by low disk space on the startup disk, you just need to delete or move files from your Mac. Follow the steps mentioned in the post " macOS Sierra: Your Startup Disk is Almost Full" to fix slow Mac and recover space on your startup disk.


# 13. Disable automatic update from the App store

Though, updates are important for your Mac and fixes so many other problems including slow performance of an app or the whole computer but you may not want your Mac to sync up for updates at the wrong time specially when you are running intensive memory hogging software like iMovie, Adobe Premiere, Photo Booth or any similar video or picture editing software. Turning automatic updates off from app store will stop them to sync up automatically in the background and you can check for those update manually once in a week and install the update whenever you want. This will improve the performance of your Mac a little and fix slowness caused by Automatic updates.

To Turn Automatic Updates Off and do it manually:-
  • Click on the Apple menu and choose System Preferences.
  • Click on App Store and open the lock at the bottom left corner.
  • Uncheck the box for “Download newly available updates in the background” and "Automatically Check for Updates" if you want to stop automatic update.
    Mac Slow down due to Automatic Update
    Mac Slow down due to Automatic Update
  • Click the box "Check Now" at the same page whenever you want to check for updates manually.
  • Open App Store and go to the updates tab to look and install all or selected updates.

# 14. Turn off the Glamorous Feature of macOS Sierra

Mac has been known for its top class fresh looking glamorous and eye candy features. While a glamorous look is always exciting and attractive but sometimes they really take a toll on your Mac's performance specially when it's already struggling with the memory and processor hogging apps.
Some features like transparency, animation while opening application, notifications and magnification in dock are some examples of them which you can get rid of because the more the operating system has to deal with the more it slows down. Here are the few actions that you can take to reduce the utilization of processor and memory in order to fix slow macOS Sierra after upgrade.

1. Optimize the Dock:
  • Click on the Apple menu and choose System Preferences.
  • Click on Dock.
    Optimize the Dock on slow macOS Sierra after upgrade
    Optimize the Dock on slow macOS Sierra after upgrade
  • First of all move the slider for size to the left to decrease the dock size.
  • Uncheck Magnification box to turn it off.
  • Select " Scale Effect " under " Minimize windows using" option to turn animation off.
  • Uncheck the box next to "Animate opening applications".
  • Change the " Prefer tabs when opening documents" to the Always option. This will cut down on the memory usage by opening every documents of the same application as a tabbed document under just one app session rather that opening a new app session with every new documents.Almost every app supports tabbed view.
    Enable tabbed view on slow macOS Sierra after upgrade
    Enable Tabbed View on slow macOS Sierra after upgrade
2. Reduce the transparency and reduce motion
  • Go to system preferences >> open accessibility,
  • Select Display and check the box for " Reduce transparency " and " Reduce Motion ".
    Reduce Transparency on slow macOS Sierra after upgrade
    Reduce Transparency on slow macOS Sierra after upgrade
  • This will immediately change the appearance of Mac windows, Dock, Titlebars, Sidebars, and other UI elements and you will definately find the difference in performance.

3. Optimize Finder
  • Go to Finder >> Preferences.
  • Click on the General and make sure "Open folders in tabs instead of new windows" is checked.
  • Uncheck "Connected servers".
    Optimize Finder on Slow Mac after Sierra update
    Optimize Finder on Slow Mac after Sierra update
  • Go to sidebar and uncheck the items you do not need to load while opening the finder which makes finder's work load lighter.

# 15. Optimize Notification Center to Save more memory and resources

This is the another step in optimizing slow macOS Sierra after upgrade.Notification Center lets you view details about your day—appointments, weather, birthdays, notifications from Facebook or Linkedin and catch up on notifications you missed. With the macOS Sierra it has become more powerful that you can ask Siri to find something and pin it to notification center for later use. You can drag and drop any picture, document or widget to and from notification center. It can show you the mail preview or remind you to call someone. Most of the apps use the notifications to let you know about events, updates, or changes, that appears in notification center too. But if you are not using them all or do not need it, it is better to remove or disable some or all of the app notification and widgets to save your Mac's processor and resources.
Optimize Notification Center if your Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade
Optimize Notification Center if your Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade
Notification Center can be accessed by just clicking the three parallel lines next to spotlight at the top-right corner of your screen or by swiping in from the right side of your Mac's trackpad with two fingers.

Optimize Notification Center in order to fix slow macOS Sierra after upgrade:

1. To Remove a Widget from Notification Center : Click Edit at the bottom of Today view >> Click the Remove button ( " - " Sign) to remove it and the widget is moved to the list of available widgets.
Optimize Notification Center if your Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade -1
Optimize Notification Center if your Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade
Optimize Notification Center if your Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade -2
Optimize Notification Center if your Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade -2


2. Turn off notifications for an app: 
  • Go to system preferences >> Click Notifications icon.
  • Select the app on the left, then choose None for the app alert style on the right. You will no longer receive any notifications for that app.
Optimize Notification Center if your Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade -3
Optimize Notification Center if your Mac runs slow after macOS Sierra upgrade - 3

# 16. Remove Unwanted Dashboard Widgets

There are so many widgets available for Mac that you can download and install in your macOS Sierra. Your Mac comes with several widgets that you might have used and left running in the background. Every widget uses your Mac's memory and resources so removing them from dashboard will definitely contribute in improving system's performance. You can remove weather, stock and other widgets that you don't need as you can find these information anytime from spotlight or on internet.

To remove unwanted Dashboard Widgets:
  • Press F12 to get to the Dashboard or Press Command + Spacebar to get the spotlight search and type Dashboard to open it.
    Remove unwanted Widgets on Slow running Mac after Sierra upgrade
    Remove unwanted Widgets on Slow running Mac after Sierra upgrade
  • Click the delete ( "-" Minus button ) at the bottom left corner and the you will see a cross simbol on top left corner of each widgets.
  • Click the x symbol on the widget to remove it from Dashboard in order to fix slow macOS Sierra after upgrade.

# 17. Remove Apps in Preference Pane

A Preference Pane  is a dynamically loaded plugin in macOS often installed by a third party software to allow users to change settings or preferences for that particular software in graphical user interface.This plugin is a small program which loads in the memory and runs in the background. Sometimes these plugins are left even after uninstalling their core applications which pop up error messages and causes slow Mac issue. Preference panes are located at the bottom row of system preferences window.You must delete the faulty or corrupted preference pane in order to fix slow macOS Sierra.

To remove a third party preference pane open System Preferences, simply right-click on its icon and select Remove Preference Pane. 

Clearing out unused preference panes can help recover memory and disk space, You can either disable it in its menu or delete it completely by removing it from  " ~/Library/PreferencePanes/ " and " /Library/PreferencePanes/ "folder.

# 18. Clean Your Desktop

Every little icon on your desktop is a small window that is loaded into memory so that the icons on your desktop should appear to you all the time. So, the more file you have on the desktop the more memory and resources are used. Move all similar files or documents in a folder and organize the desktop.Remove or transfer the unnecessary files from desktop to an external disk.

# 19. Turn Siri Off

I am not sure if this step will help you fixing the slow Mac. Many users have reported that turning Siri off has fixed the slow Mac for them. Though Siri doesn't consume a lot of memory and CPU but you can check if turning Siri off helps you making you Mac faster. It may not improve the performance that can be noticed . But every bit of this effort is worth doing if it improves the performance. Read the post on how to turn Siri off on macOS Sierra?

# 20. Stop or Delete Spam from Messages App

Messages app on macOS Sierra has some awesome feature that allows you to add a Tapback to message (a quick response that expresses what you think about a message), play videos in message, send or receive animated GIFs, effects and stickers with auto-play feature.You can create groups and start a conversation. If you have any groups or contacts who sends you a lot of GIFs and videos you Messages app has to keep up with all that buzz in order to keep you informed. Despite being a great feature, it can eventually take a toll on system performance by utilizing CPU and memory. So close all that messages windows and keep cleaning those conversation threads or entire Messages app from time to time to help your Mac perform better.

# 21. Turn FileVault Encryption Off

FileVault ( FaileVault 2) is a very secure encryption technology developed by Apple inc. It encrypts the whole startup disk. When you upgrade your Mac to macOS Sierra, you are also asked if you want to enable the FileVault and if you select yes then it will start encrypting the whole startup disk which may take an hour or more depending upon the size of the disk. FileVault uses a lots of processor cycles while encrypting and de-crypting those files causing your Mac run slower. You will also notice significant slowness during startup and shut down. If your Mac is running slow after upgrading to macOS Sierra, check the FileVault and switch it off and see if it improves the performance. Please check this setting first to see if is enabled or not or in process. if your Mac is currently encrypting your hard drive, let it finish. However, once the process is done, you can turn FileVault encryption off.

To Turn the FIleVault Off:-
  • Click on the Apple menu and choose System Preferences.
  • Open Security & Privacy, then Click on the FileVault tab.
    Turn FileVault Off if Your macOS Sierra is slow after turning it on
    Turn FileVault Off if Your macOS Sierra is slow after turning it on
  • Click the padlock and type in an administrator password
  • Click Turn off FileVault.



# 22. Remove problematic third-party Kexts and extensions and clear the Kexts Caches.

Every new operating System version gets some compatibility issue with some third party hardware or software so does the macOS Sierra. Several users have reported some compatibility issues with macOS Sierra, which is identified and known with some software like Parallels Desktop 11 for Mac and Adobe creative Cloud 2015's Photoshop doesn't work, Problem in scanning with Fujitsu's ScanSnap scanner, Microsoft Ergonomic Keyborad 4000 or some other vendor's keyboard character misalignment issue, older version of Microsoft office and some Quickbook version cease to work while mouse made by Logitech and Razor are having the most trouble with macOS Sierra causing slow Mac after upgrade. If you also have some hardware or software creating problems with Sierra then try uninstalling it and remove its Kexts ( Kernel Extensions ) file to fix problems caused by them.

Kernel extensions, or kexts are like drivers for a hardware and load at startup. They provide low-level features such as transferring data to and from computer, processing print command or audio and adding support for peripherals. They are normally removed by the uninstaller program provided by their developers, however, sometimes they are not removed properly or left by uninstaller which causes several issue including Slow Mac. You can look for any such third party .kext file under the following locations and move them to trash. Be careful, do not remove anything that you are not aware of otherwise it can cause severe problem.

/Library/Extensions/
/System/Library/Extensions
/Library/Extensions/RazerHID.kext ( For mouse by Razor )

After removing any kext file you must also clear the kext caches. Open Terminal and type the following command to clear the kext cache.

$ sudo touch /System/Library/Extensions

Empty Trash to delete the file and restart the system.

# 23. Reset SMC and PRAM

Resetting SMC and PRAM fixes hundreds of problems including hardware misbehaving (keyboard, lights, fans) and slow Mac despite low CPU load. SMC manages the power specific options and customization that you may have made to OS X ranging from screen brightness levels and settings for peripheral attached to Mac to settings in Energy Saver like auto-dimming based on lighting and power sources, screen sleep behavior, sleep when idle, etc. After upgrading to  macOS Sierra, you may need to reset SMC for the setting to become compatible with new OS. Resetting them does not risk the loss of any data or other adverse effect so just go ahead and perform this action without any worry. Resetting NVRAM is generally recommended when you experience issues with screen resolution, startup disk or when kernel process panics.Both of these components are important for your Mac to run it properly, but once they get corrupted, things slow down. If your Mac slow down after sierra update, you should reset SMC and PRAM.

To reset SMC read the post on "How to Reset SMC?".
To Reset PRAM read the post on " How to reset PRAM?".

# 24. Find the faulty, CPU hogging process in Activity Monitor

Activity Monitor in macOS gives plenty of information related to all the apps and their services running in the background. Whenever your Mac slows down open Activity Monitor and check for the faulty app or process which is utilizing the CPU and memory more than it should. Quit the faulty app and check your Mac again. Try running the faulty app in safe mode and contact the software manufacturer if the process causes high CPU load even in the safe mode.

To Open Activity Monitor:

  • Go to /Application/Utilities and open Activity Monitor.
  • Choose CPU tab from main menu at the top of the Activity Monitor.
    Identify the problematic app or process causing your Mac slow down
    Identify the problematic app or process causing your Mac slow down
  • Now Activity Monitor will show you the list of all the apps and processes running with their respective CPU load. Click the " %CPU " column to sort it in ascending or descending order.
  • Now the one eating CPU the most will show up on top. Click to select the top most process and click "x " button at the top left corner to quit that process.
  • Observe the performance of your Mac. If the performance improves try using the same faulty app in safe mode and contact the software manufacturer for any update or patch if the issue persists in the safe mode as well.

# 25. Increase Memory ( RAM )

Physical memory (RAM) plays significant role in system performance. A faulty or less memory (RAM) could cause several problems like system crashes, app crashes, failures to boot, slow to perform and etc.The more RAM you get the better your Mac performs. If you have recently upgraded your Mac to macOS sierra and experiencing slow performance issue, you might have low memory for macOS sierra to perform better for your usage patterns. Sierra must have at least 2GB of memory in order to be installed on a Mac, but 4GB is recommended if you are running video editing software or doing multitasking with several windows of safari opened. If you have already tried the above steps to fix slow running Mac and you still do not see much difference, it is time to upgrade the memory.

How to Upgrade / Replace RAM on your Macbook:

Upgrading memory in your Mac is much simpler than doing it on PC. You just need to be sure about the type and speed of RAM, that your Mac can support, the brand of memory chip (RAM) doesn't matter at all. Thanks to Apple for providing such a descriptive guide on " How to remove or install memory " on your Mac. The article also shows the memory specifications for various models along with an illustrated guide on replacing the memory. You could also refer to some of the YouTube videos to learn how to install or replace memory on Mac. I have linked one of the best YouTube videos by Dom Esposito here below for your reference.

In order to upgrade your Mac's memory all you need is a Phillips Screwdriver Set ( $10.71) and 8GB or 16GB memory chip( RAM). Amazon is the best place to buy them as it also offers you to compare the pries of different model. I bought the following two for upgrading my MacBook Pro (13-inch, Mid 2012)'s memory. You could buy two memory stick of 8GB each to make it 16GB. Your Mac should work like a charms after upgrading memory to 16GB. Check the specifications of memory module required for your Mac first, before you buy it.


Maxcraft Pocket Screwdriver for $6.79 Hynix original 16GB (2 x 8GB), 1600MHz memory module for $95.00

# 26. Reinstall macOS Sierra

If your mac is still running slow even after upgrading the memory, it is possible that your macOS sierra has got some kernel related issues or system file corruption. Reinstalling your Mac will replace the corrupted system files and fix all the issues. Reinstalling macOS Sierra will not risk of any data loss until you do a clean installation.

To Reinstall macOS Sierra:

Restart your Mac and hold down "Cmd+R " together until you see gray Apple Logo. Make sure you're connected to the Internet, select your preferred language from the list and click continue. Select "Reinstall macOS " and click "Continue." Follow the onscreen instructions to complete the installation.

# 27. Run the Diagnostic Tool and Post the report on this Blog

If you have tried all the above steps and are still experiencing slow Mac issue after upgrading to macOS Sierra. Download and run EtreCheck an Apple Support Community tool. Copy the results to clipboard and Post it here in the comment section and I will help you fixing the slow performance issue.


If you have tried all the above steps and your Mac is still running slow OR If you are not so tech savvy and want to avoid doing these complex troubleshooting yourself, then just drop us an E-mail stating the Model of your Mac and the issue you are facing. We may provide you with a free fix for training and research purpose. Write to us at Support@hawkdive.com

******End Of the Article******



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Saturday, January 28, 2017

macOS Sierra: " Your Startup Disk Is Almost Full " message - How to fix it?

Saturday, January 28, 2017 0

Does your macOS Sierra say : " Your Startup Disk is Almost Full " Learn how to fix it before it leads to any data loss.

After reading this article you will be able to answer the following questions:
  • What is startup disk full error message? 
  • When do we get startup disk full error and what causes the startup disk to become full?
  • How could a full startup disk affect you?
  • How do I prevent startup disk to become full in the future?
The startup disk is the hard drive with macOS on it which your computer boots from. Most Mac users have just one disk so that internal disk that comes with the Mac is the startup disk for them. This is the hard drive your macOS uses all the time while running any app, browsing internet, checking emails or doing any other task, so it also collects a lot of junks, logs, caches, cookies, error logs, unwanted apps, duplicate files, old backups, unused languages and etc. These unwanted files and junks eat up a lot of precious space on your startup disk over time and shrink the room space available for macOS Sierra to work properly which causes several other problems including slow Mac and error like " Your startup disk is almost full". You should really free up disk space as much as possible otherwise it can lead to data loss if the drive becomes so full that the OS cannot even boot. To fix this slow Mac issue caused by low disk space on the startup disk, you just need to delete or move files from your Mac. Follow the below steps to perform cleaning task on the start up disk which is almost full.
macOS Sierra: " Your Startup Disk Is Almost Full " message
macOS Sierra: " Your Startup Disk Is Almost Full " message 

1. Remove unwanted and unnecessary files from Downloads and Documents folder.

Whenever you download online PDF files, books, updates for an app, pictures or anything of that sort, they all go to the downloads folder on your startup disk and over the time you get so many of such items piled up in there, sometimes several copies of the same app or files as you tend to download it from internet every time you need it rather than looking for it locally on your computer. These files also contribute to fill up your startup disk. It would be worth checking the downloads folder and remove files that you don't need any longer. So open finder and select Downloads on the left to remove unnecessary items from your startup disk.

2. Empty the Trash to Actually Delete the Files

Clear the trash, if you haven't done so for a long time. Trash is the folder where all deleted files are temporary saved for future restore. Each drive has its own trash folder, so the startup disk also has one for it. Clearing the trash will actually finally remove the deleted files from your Mac and free up space on the hard drive or startup disk.

3.  Delete cache files on your Mac

A cache is the location on your Mac's hard disk where your system, apps and browsers store data that is often needed ( Such as extensions, drivers and icons). Caches are temporary files meant to serve their future requests faster. Over the time, cache gets corrupt because of software updates, conflicts, and unexpected quits, and this can cause problems including "Your startup disk is full" message or slow performance of your Mac. Some app caches are really big in size that they occupy huge space on the startup disk so deleting them can help speed up your Mac as well as free up more space on the startup disk. They can be downloaded by the apps again in case they're needed. There are basically three types of caches that you need to clean : user cache, browser cache and system cache.

a ). To delete User Cache:
Click on the Go in Finder menu bar >> Choose "Go To Folder..." >> type the below locations to get in there and delete all of its contents to free up space on your startup disk.
~/Library/Cache
/Library/Cache

b ). To Delete Browser Cache :
To delete the browser cache you will have to clear it separately for each browser you have.

For Safari :
Click on Safari main menu on the top >> Select " Clear History".

For Chrome :
Click on the chrome menu bar and select " Clear Browsing Data" >>> Check Cache and click on clear again.

For Firefox:
Click on the History menu >> Select Clear Recent History >> Select Everything >> Click Clear Now.

We normally do not delete system cache as it doesn't take up a lot of space on the startup disk and hardly ever gets corrupted and deleting system cache may cause adverse effect on system's performance.

4. Delete old OS X installation files from Application Folder 

You may have installation files for previous OS X El Capitan named Install OS X El Capitan or Install macOS Sierra.These files are bigger in size and eat up a lot of startup disk space. Deleting these installation fle may free up 4.5GB to 6GB on your startup disk.

5. Clean up your Pictures, Movies, and Music folders and remove duplicates

Go through the Pictures, Movies and Music folders and delete those you don't need. Open photos app and delete duplicate photos or photos that were mistakenly taken. Sometime your Mac create duplicates due to incorrect settings or mistake committed by you such as importing same pictures or songs in iTunes or iPhoto twice. Open iTunes to delete songs that you can get rid of. Photos and movies take up bigger space as compared to other types of file. Investigate the movies folder and delete those not required any longer to claim bigger disk space on the startup disk. Deleting duplicate files could be puzzling or tricky if you have a lot of duplicates. It will be impossible to go through thousands of file and checking their name, size, or format to determine whether it is a real duplicate or not. Taking help from a third party app will be a smart idea to clean duplicates. I have tested and experimented with various duplicate cleaner app and found Gemini as the best intelligent duplicate cleaner which you can download here for free. You can even buy its full version as it only costs $19.95 for life time.
Free Up Startup Disk by Downloading Gemini Duplicate Cleaner for Free
Free Up Startup Disk by Downloading Gemini Duplicate Cleaner for Free

6. Delete old iPhone and iPad backups from iTunes Library

The iPhone, iPad, and iPod backups made with iTunes are stored on your Mac's hard drive ( Startup disk) which can take up a lot of  space on your statrup disk. You can look through them and delete the older backups to free up a lot of space.
To delete old iPhone, iPad or iPod backup:
  • Open iTunes >> Click iTunes in the menu bar >> then choose Preferences.
  • Click Devices from the mail selection menu.
  • Select the backup that you want to delete and then Click " Delete Backup " button at the bottom.

7. Delete iPhone, iPad and iPod's Software updates from Mac

Every time you update your iPhone, iPad or iPod using iTunes on your Mac the software updates files are downloaded to your Mac's startup disk by default. These are big files in gigabytes which still sits on the hard drive after you have updated your iOS devices. You don't need them as they can be re-downloaded if required and the older updates can't be used to downgrade your iOS version either. Deleting then can help fix error " Your Startup Disk is Almost Full".

To delete Software Updates file of iOS device:
  • Click on the Go menu in Finder and choose " Go To Folder..".
  • Type the " ~/Library/iTunes/ " and click go to open it.
  • Find following folders: iPad Software Updates, iPhone Software Updates, and iPod Software Updates.
  • Look for the files with a name that ends in "Restore.ipsw" in each of those folders and move the files to the Trash.
    Fix Your Startup Disk Is Almost Full Error Messages
    Fix Your Startup Disk Is Almost Full Error Messages



8. Delete unused Mobile Apps

When you connect your iOS devices with iTunes on Mac, the iOS apps that you have on your iPhone or iPad also gets backed up onto your Mac's hard drive . So if you are running out of space you can delete these apps from your Mac to free up many gigabytes from startup disk. These app are stored in " ~/Music/iTunes/iTunes Media/Mobile Applications/ " folder with the file extension ".ipa". Delete them all to free up space on the startup disk.
Fix Your Startup Disk Is Almost Full Error Messages
Fix Your Startup Disk Is Almost Full Error Messages

9. Delete Language Packs of different apps installed on Your Mac

Some of the applications that you installed, came with different other languages too so that you can use different language interface. These languages are stored in a Localization files also known as “language packs.” If you are not using other language except English, deleting other language will help recovering some space on your startup disk. Follow the steps mentioned below to get rid of those language packs that you never use.
  • Go to /Applications folder and Select an application.
  • Right click or Ctrl+click on the application >> Select “Show Package Contents.”
  • Then go to Contents >> Resources and look for files with the name that ends in .lproj. Those are the languages the selected app can use just in case you want to change the language of user interface. Remove all the language files except those you use.So the one for English (en.lproj) must not be deleted.

    Delete unnecessary language packs if  your Startup Disk is almost full
    Delete unnecessary language packs if  your Startup Disk is almost full

10. Remove unused Language Packs shipped with macOS Sierra

Every Mac is shipped with nearly 150 languages and nobody uses them all except just one or two languages. Removing those Language Packs shipped by Apple can also help to recover some disk space on your startup disk. Use the free utility called Monolingual to remove those unused languages. It is very easy to use. Just download Monolingual and Run it. Select the languages you want to remove and click Remove at the bottom. You may claim at least 2GB of space on your startup disk.
Delete unwanted language pack to recover startup disk space
Delete unwanted language pack to recover startup disk space

11. Delete old user accounts and their files that you no longer use

If you had multiple user accounts on your Mac, their profiles, documents, pictures and everything is located on your startup disk.You can remove those old user accounts, if they are not required. Removing them will free up significant amount of startup disk space. Make sure that you do not have any important files in those user accounts before deleting it. Also check the " Deleted Users " folder because the home folder of a deleted user account is saved in there if it was chose to save.

To Delete a User Account:
  • Click on the Apple menu and choose System Preferences.
  • Open Users & Groups and select the user you want to delete on the left pane.
  • Open the lock at the bottom left corner and enter the password.
  • Click the minus sign ( "- " Delete button) at the bottom to delete the user.
  • Now click on the Go menu in finder >> Select " Go To Folder...".
  • Type "/Users/" and click go to open it.
  • Here, look for the "Deleted Users" folder and check if there is anything in there that you can get rid of. 
  • Right Click or Ctrl+click on the User's account name and select "Move to Trash".

12.  Remove Unwanted Speech Voices

Your Mac also come with speech voice sample to be used with text-to-speech feature. But if you never use the Text To Speech or don't know what it is, then go ahead and delete these voice speech samples to reclaim some more startup disk space. Open Terminal from /Application/Utilities and type the following command to delete all the Voice Speech samples.

cd /System/Library/Speech/Voices
sudo rm -rf Voices/*

Type the administrator password to run the sudo command. No characters will be shown to the screen while you type the password so just type the password and hit enter.

13: Delete Log Files

Every application and service on your Mac generates lots of log files which gets accumulated on your startup disk over the time. These log files are generated for all sorts of information like when an application was opened, when it was closed, what error message it reported,when did you reboot the system, when and where did you login, what all you looked for and etc. These log files are used by a developer or a technician for troubleshooting purposes. If you have nothing to do with the old logs, you can delete them to free up significant amount of space on your startup disk. In order to delete these log files go to the following locations and trash all of its contents.

~/Library/Logs
/Library/Logs
/private/var/log/
/private/var/folders/

14. Enable the Optimized Storage feature of macOS Sierra

macOS Sierra has come with a new built-in storage optimization feature called “Optimized Storage” which automatically stores rarely used files in iCloud and makes it available on demand, removes unnecessary files like already watched movies and TV shows from iTunes , empty the trash regularly, and lets you review the large files eating up big space on your startup disk.

To access optimize storage options:
  • Go to Apple menu >>  Choose About This Mac.
Enable optimized storage to free up startup disk
Enable optimized storage to free up startup disk
  • In the window that appears, click on the Storage tab >> click Manage.
Enable optimize storage on macOS Sierra to recover startup disk space
Enable optimize storage on macOS Sierra to recover startup disk space
  • You will see four different options to optimize storage space on your startup disk.
There are following four options to optimize storage that you can enable separately or altogether.

1. Store in iCloud :-  Store in iCloud automatically stores rarely used photos and videos from photos library, and files from Desktop and Documents folders and removes them from computer leaving behind an icon of the item that has been removed so that you can easily work offline. When you need it, simply click on its icon and it gets downloaded. Using store in iCloud feature, you can store either or both Photos library and "Desktop and Documents". It helps free up a lot of space from your startup disk.
Optimize storage on macOS Sierra- Fix Startup Disk almost full error
Optimize storage on macOS Sierra- Fix Startup Disk full error
2. Optimize Storage :  This option will remove purchased items in iTunes like movies and TV shows that you have already watched. It also removes the photos and attachments received by email as they can be downloaded again from the server when required.
Optimize storage on macOS Sierra-Startup Disk full error
Optimize storage on macOS Sierra-Startup Disk full error
3. Empty Trash Automatically :- As the name itself suggest, this option will automatically erase items that have been in the Trash for more than 30 days and recover space on the startup disk.

4. Reduce Clutter :-  This option helps identify large files and files you might no longer need but it requires you to manually verify and clean them on your Mac. Using this feature carefully will help recover a big amount of space from statup disk.

15. Delete Sleepimage

This is a very simple method to quickly recover gigabytes of space on your startup disk. Sleepimage is the file on your Mac's startup disk created by macOS at the time of sleep or hibernation when it runs out of battery. It stores the whole contents of RAM to save all your work and lets you resume the work where you left off. This sleepimage file is the same size as your total RAM, so if you have a 8GB RAM (Physical memory) then the size of sleepimage would be 8GB. For those who have 32 GB of RAM this sleepimage woud be 32GB, which is too much precious space on your SSD. Apple calls this sleep method as Safe Sleep because all the contents of RAM is saved to disk to prevent any data loss but battery is still used to keep the RAM contents so that wake up is fast but in hibernation no battery power is used and all the contents are saved to startup disk in sleepimage file.

Sometimes due to some error your Mac creates duplicate copy of this sleepimage file doubling the space occupied by sleepimage. Disabling the Safe Sleep or Hibernation and deleting this file will quickly recover the space as same as the size of your RAM. Though it is not recommended by Apple because it leads to data loss if you have not saved your work before the battery runs out. But if you have no such requirement of Safe Sleep or Hibernation and you have auto-save enabled in the apps that you use, then you can delete the sleepimage file to recover the space.

To disable Safe Sleep and delete the Sleepimage File:
Open Terminal from /Application/Utilities and type the following two commands:

sudo pmset -a hibernatemode 0
sudo nvram "use-nvramrc?"=false
sudo rm -rf /var/vm/sleepimage

If you want to re-enable the safe sleep mode, type the following commands.

sudo pmset -a hibernatemode 3
sudo nvram "use-nvramrc?"=true



*****End of the Article *****

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your startup disk is almost full, startup disk full mesage on macOS Sierra, slow macOS Sierra, Startup disk cleaning, recover space on the startup disk, free up startup disk

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